Design validation and performance of closed loop gas recirculation system

S. D. Kalmani, A. V. Joshi, G. Majumder, N. K. Mondal, R. R. Shinde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)


A pilot experimental set up of the India Based Neutrino Observatory's ICAL detector has been operational for the last 4 years at TIFR, Mumbai. Twelve glass RPC detectors of size 2 × 2 m2, with a gas gap of 2 mm are under test in a closed loop gas recirculation system. These RPCs are continuously purged individually, with a gas mixture of R134a (C2H2F4), isobutane (iC4H10) and sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) at a steady rate of 360 ml/h to maintain about one volume change a day. To economize gas mixture consumption and to reduce the effluents from being released into the atmosphere, a closed loop system has been designed, fabricated and installed at TIFR. The pressure and flow rate in the loop is controlled by mass flow controllers and pressure transmitters. The performance and integrity of RPCs in the pilot experimental set up is being monitored to assess the effect of periodic fluctuation and transients in atmospheric pressure and temperature, room pressure variation, flow pulsations, uniformity of gas distribution and power failures. The capability of closed loop gas recirculation system to respond to these changes is also studied. The conclusions from the above experiment are presented. The validations of the first design considerations and subsequent modifications have provided improved guidelines for the future design of the engineering module gas system.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberC11026
JournalJournal of Instrumentation
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 21 2016



  • Gas systems and purification
  • Particle tracking detectors (Gaseous detectors)
  • Resistive-plate chambers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Mathematical Physics

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