Description of the male and the larva of Ixodes collaris Hornok, 2016 with drawings of all stages

Sándor Hornok, Dávid Murányi, Jeno Kontschán, Vuong Tan Tu

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Abstract

Background: Ixodes collaris Hornok, 2016 is a recently discovered tick species associated with bats in Asia. This study provides the description of the male and the larva, as well as high quality drawings of all stages. Methods: Ticks were collected from cave walls and bats in Phia Oac (Vietnam). DNA was extracted from one individual of each stage/sex, while another was morphometrically analysed. Based on two genetic markers, all ticks were identified as I. collaris. Results: The male of I. collaris has long legs (i.e. the length of Haller's organ exceeds the maximum diameter of tarsus I), unlike the male of I. simplex Neumann, 1906, but similarly to males of I. vespertilionis Koch, 1844 and I. ariadnae Hornok, 2014. The lateral and medial edges of the palpi of male I. collaris are both convexly curved, unlike in I. ariadnae and I. simplex, but similarly to I. vespertilionis. The male of I. collaris has long palpal setae (up to 210 μm), unlike the males of I. ariadnae (30-100 μm) and I. simplex (20-80 μm), but similarly to I. vespertilionis (100-200 μm). Males of I. collaris have sparse distribution of long palpal setae (vs dense in I. vespertilionis) and posteriorly diverging, sclerotized trapezoid ridge dorsally on the basis capituli (posteriorly convergent, U-shaped and less evident in I. vespertilionis). The larva of I. collaris has long legs (unlike the larva of I. simplex, but similarly to I. vespertilionis and I. ariadnae), elongated club-shaped palpi (240 × 70 vs 200 × 90 μm in I. ariadnae, 200 × 70 μm in I. vespertilionis; and 140 × 60 μm in I. simplex:), pentagonal scutum, which is longer than broad (different from I. ariadnae and I. simplex, but similar to that of I. vespertilionis). The larva of I. collaris has strongly concave caudolateral margin of ventral basis with perpendicular angle (vs slightly concave, with obtuse angle in I. vespertilionis) and a prominent, dark sclerotized edge, "collar" (absent in I. vespertilionis). Conclusion: Several features allow to distinguish the male and the larva of I. collaris morphologically from those of other bat-associated ixodid tick species.

Original languageEnglish
Article number144
JournalParasites and Vectors
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 26 2019

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Keywords

  • Bat tick
  • Cave
  • Description
  • Ixodes collaris
  • Larva
  • Male

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases

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