Depth distribution of disorder and cavities in high dose helium implanted silicon characterized by spectroscopic ellipsometry

P. Petrik, F. Cayrel, M. Fried, O. Polgár, T. Lohner, L. Vincent, D. Alquier, J. Gyulai

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

4 Citations (Scopus)


Helium was implanted into Cz 〈111〉 p-type silicon wafers at 40 keV for various doses between 1×1016 He+ cm -2 and 1×1017 He+ cm-2. Furnace Anneals were subsequently applied at temperatures ranging from 650 °C up to 1000 °C. The optical models for the as-implanted samples are based on the coupled half-Gaussian model developed by Fried et al. As point defects and cavities coexist in the as-implanted sample, the original model combining two half-Gaussian profiles was modified. Both the distributions of point defects and cavities were described by Gaussian profiles in the new model, each of them using two coupled half-Gaussians. The optical model allows the overlapping of the profiles of defects and cavities. A fitting procedure, called 'multiple random search', was applied to minimize the probability of getting in a local minimum. Using this new model, the measured spectra were well fitted, while there was no acceptable fit possible with conventional models. The annealed samples could be well described by cavity profiles only. Different models were investigated including Gaussian profiles or profiles with arbitrary distributions using independent volume fractions of cavities in the sub-layers. The results were crosschecked by transmission electron microscopy micrographs, showing a good agreement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)344-348
Number of pages5
JournalThin Solid Films
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2004
EventThe 3rd International Conference on Spectroscopic Ellipsometry - Vienna, Austria
Duration: Jul 6 2003Jul 11 2003



  • Cavity
  • Ellipsometry
  • Helium
  • Ion implantation
  • Optical properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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