Depression of rat feeding in familiar and novel environment by sulfated and nonsulfated cholecystokinin octapeptide

Tibor Kádár, Botond Penke, Kálmán Kovács, Gyula Telegdy

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8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of cholecystokinin octapeptide sulfate ester (CCK-8-SE) and nonsulfated cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8-NS) were tested on feeding by rats in familiar and novel environment. In a familiar environment only intraperitoneally (IP) administered CCK-8-SE (0.8-24 nmole/kg) could inhibit 30 min food intake of 24 hr food-deprived rats, while the same doses of CCK-8-NS IP and both octapeptides (0.8-8000 pmole/rat) intracerebroventricularly (ICV) were totally ineffective. The effects of CCK-8-SE and CCK-8-NS on feeding were also tested in a novel environment, i.e., in an open field. The parameters of exploratory activity and food intake of 24-hr food-deprived rats were recorded simultaneously during a 15-min session. After IP injection, CCK-8-SE dose-dependently depressed the food intake, and the higher doses (8.0 or 24 nmole/kg) also decreased the open field parameters, including number of approaches to food. In the novel environment, 8.0 or 24 nmole/kg IP injected CCK-8-NS also depressed the food intake, whereas the incidence of grooming was enhanced after 8.0 nmole/kg CCK-8-NS. The most effective doses of both octapeptides increased the latency to first bite. For the open field test ICV treatment was also carried out with 8,80 or 800 pmole doses of the octapeptides, and after 80 pmole CCK-8-SE ICV the food intake was decreased, and after 80 or 800 pmole CCK-8-NS the food intake/approach parameter was depressed. Of the open field parameters, ambulation and rearing was enhanced after 80 pmole CCK-8-SE and every peptide treatment slightly increased the incidence of grooming. Our results demonstrate that in the open field the inhibition of feeding by CCK-8-NS IP and by both CCK-8-SE and CCK-8-NS ICV may be due to a result of potentiation of novelty by a central mechanism, which differs from that responsible for the satiety effect of peripherally administered CCK-8-SE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-400
Number of pages6
JournalPhysiology and Behavior
Volume34
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1985

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Keywords

  • Cholecystokinin octapeptide
  • Environmental variables
  • Food intake inhibition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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