Demonstration of Clostridium septicum infection in a goose flock.

E. Ivánics, R. Glávits, T. Bódi, E. Tóth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Clostridium septicum infection causing 5.0 to 5.2% mortality is reported for the first time in the literature from six-week-old growing geese in three flocks comprising 5,200, 5,500 and 5,900 geese, respectively. The affected birds exhibited weakness, uncoordinated movement, ataxia and, frequently, oblique position of the head and neck (torticollis) as well as signs indicative of dysequilibrium. The affected birds died within 18-24 h. Gross pathological examination revealed anaemia, hepatitis with map-like necroses of irregular outline (Fig. 1), acute enteritis, pulmonary oedema and cardiac dilatation. Light and electron-microscopic examination showed that the sinusoids of the liver were markedly dilated (Fig. 2) and filled with serous exudate and gas (Figs 2 and 3), and the hepatocytes surrounding them exhibited severe oedema (Fig. 4). Among the hepatocytes, ciliated bacteria 7-10 mu in length and 1-3 mu in width, bounded by a well-defined cell wall and often showing signs of spore formation were observed (Figs 5 and 6). By bacteriological examination the pathogen was isolated, its properties were studied, and the clinical entity of malignant oedema was experimentally reproduced by intramuscular injection of guinea-pigs and rabbits. The applied antibiotic (oxytetracycline) and furazolidone therapy proved effective.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-74
Number of pages4
JournalActa Veterinaria Hungarica
Volume40
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 1992

Fingerprint

Clostridium septicum
Clostridium Infections
Geese
geese
edema
Birds
Hepatocytes
Edema
flocks
Furazolidone
Torticollis
Oxytetracycline
hepatocytes
Enteritis
Intramuscular Injections
Exudates and Transudates
Pulmonary Edema
Ataxia
Spores
torticollis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Demonstration of Clostridium septicum infection in a goose flock. / Ivánics, E.; Glávits, R.; Bódi, T.; Tóth, E.

In: Acta Veterinaria Hungarica, Vol. 40, No. 1-2, 1992, p. 71-74.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ivánics, E, Glávits, R, Bódi, T & Tóth, E 1992, 'Demonstration of Clostridium septicum infection in a goose flock.', Acta Veterinaria Hungarica, vol. 40, no. 1-2, pp. 71-74.
Ivánics, E. ; Glávits, R. ; Bódi, T. ; Tóth, E. / Demonstration of Clostridium septicum infection in a goose flock. In: Acta Veterinaria Hungarica. 1992 ; Vol. 40, No. 1-2. pp. 71-74.
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