Demographic shift disproportionately increases cancer burden in an aging nation: Current and expected incidence and mortality in hungary up to 2030

Otília Menyhárt, János T. Fekete, B. Györffy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Population aging is a common demographic pattern in developed countries, and aging increases the risk of cancer. The disproportionately high cancer burden, as a consequence, is especially pronounced in Central and Eastern European countries, including Hungary. Methods: We summarized current and projected future cancer incidences and mortalities utilizing data from the last two decades. Predictions are based on cancer incidence and mortality collected between 1996 and 2015 in Hungary. In addition to the crude rates, data were age standardized to the European standard population (ESP) of 2013, ESP of 1976, and local census of 2011. Results: The lifetime probability of developing cancer and cancer-related mortality has already reached 56.9% and 27.6% in men, respectively, and 51.9% and 21.7% in women. Between 2016 and 2030, the total population is expected to shrink by 6%, while the number of 60-year olds and above will grow by 18%. This will lead to a 35% increase in cancer incidence and 30% increase in cancer death among 65–85-year olds. Joinpoint regression identified the period 2007–2015 as starting point for this coming increase in new cases. In women, lung and breast cancer will increase yearly by 1.9% and 1.7%, respectively, between 2016 and 2030, while in men, the prostate and colorectal cancer rates will increase yearly by 3.6% and 2.1%. Conclusion: In the aging population of Hungary, cancer incidence will increase considerably over previous projections. Although a large portion of the most rapidly rising cancers are avoidable by implementing public health programs, a substantial portion remains inevitably incurable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1093-1108
Number of pages16
JournalClinical Epidemiology
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018

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Hungary
Demography
Mortality
Incidence
Neoplasms
Population
Censuses
Developed Countries
Colorectal Neoplasms
Lung Neoplasms
Prostatic Neoplasms
Public Health
Breast Neoplasms

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Biostatistics
  • Breast cancer
  • Cancer
  • Colon cancer
  • Lung cancer
  • Prostate cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

Cite this

Demographic shift disproportionately increases cancer burden in an aging nation : Current and expected incidence and mortality in hungary up to 2030. / Menyhárt, Otília; Fekete, János T.; Györffy, B.

In: Clinical Epidemiology, Vol. 10, 01.01.2018, p. 1093-1108.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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