Delayed beta synchronization after movement of the more affected hand in essential tremor

Gertrúd Tamás, László Pálvölgyi, Annamária Takáts, Imre Szirmai, Anita Kamondi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To investigate the pathomechanism of parkinsonian tremor (PT) and essential tremor (ET) by studying the correlation between tremor asymmetry and post-movement beta synchronization (PMBS) of the human EEG. We recorded the EEG of 10 patients with ET, 10 patients with Parkinson's disease and 10 controls. Subjects pressed an on-off switch in a self-paced manner with the thumb of their less (T+) and more (T++) tremulous hand. After digitalization of the EEG from the Cz, C3, C4 electrodes the movement reactive beta frequency, its maximum peak power value and its latency triggered to movement offset were determined. In ET tremor intensity did not influence the power of PMBS, however it was significantly delayed after the movement of the more tremulous hand. In Parkinson's disease after the movement of the more tremulous hand PMBS power was decreased, but it was not delayed. In controls the side of movement had no effect on the power and latency of the PMBS. The neuronal mechanisms underlying PMBS generation are differently affected in essential tremor and Parkinson's disease. The increase of PMBS latency after movement of the more affected hand in ET indicates possible cortical mechanisms in essential tremor generation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)246-251
Number of pages6
JournalNeuroscience Letters
Volume405
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 25 2006

Keywords

  • Essential tremor
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Post-movement beta synchronization
  • Self-paced movement
  • Tremor generators

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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