Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate is neuroprotective when administered either before or after injury in a focal cortical cold lesion model

Gabriella Juhász-Vedres, Éva Rózsa, Gabriella Rákos, Márton B. Dobszay, Zsolt Kis, János Wölfling, József Toldi, Árpád Párducz, Tamás Farkas

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Abstract

Dehydroepiandrosterone and its sulfate (DHEAS) are sex hormone precursors that exert marked neurotrophic and/or neuroprotective activity in the central nervous system. The present study evaluated the effects of DHEAS and 17β-estradiol (E2) in a focal cortical cold lesion model, in which DHEAS (50 mg/kg, sc) and E2 (35 mg/kg, sc) were administered either as pretreatment (two subsequent injections 1 d and 1 h before lesion induction) or posttreatment (immediately after lesion induction). The focal cortical cold lesion was induced in the primary motor cortex by means of a cooled copper cylinder placed directly onto the cortical surface. One hour later, the animals were killed, the brains cut into 0.4-mm-thick slices, and the sections stained with 1% triphenyltetrazolium chloride. The volume of the hemispheric lesion was calculated for each animal. The results demonstrated that the lesion area was significantly attenuated in both the DHEAS- and E2- pre- and posttreated groups and that in the presence of letrozole, a nonsteroidal aromatase inhibitor, no neuroprotection was observed, suggesting that the beneficial effect of DHEAS on the cold injury might depend on the conversion of DHEAS to E2 within the brain. It is concluded that even a single posttraumatic administration of DHEAS may be of substantial therapeutic benefit in the treatment of focal brain injury with vasogenic edema.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)683-686
Number of pages4
JournalEndocrinology
Volume147
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2006

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

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