DEGRADATION OF PVCs OBTAINED BY CONTROLLED CHEMICAL DEHYDROCHLORINATION.

Bela Ivan, Joseph P. Kennedy, Tibor Kelen, Forenc Tudos, Tibor Tamas Nagy, Bela Turcsanyi

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Abstract

Thermal and thermo-oxidative degradation of poly(vinyl chloride)s (PVCs) containing increased concentrations of allylic chlorines, PVC(A)s, prepared by controlled chemical dehydrochlorination with potassium-t-butoxide (t-BuOK) have been studied. The introduction of small amounts of internal allylic chlorines into PVC significantly decreases the thermal and thermo-oxidative stability of the resin. A linear relationship exists between the initial rates (V//H//C//l)//O of thermal and thermo-oxidative dehydrochlorination of solid PVC(A)s and the concentration S of internal allylic chlorines. The rate constant of initiation of HCl loss at internal allylic chlorines is almost four orders of magnitude higher than that of random initiation: however, the former is still orders of magnitude lower than that of chain propagation. Quantitative analysis of UV-visible spectra of PVC(A)s degraded in solution suggests geometric polyene distribution. The average length of polyenes decreases as the extent of HCl loss increases and reaches a constant value of ca. 3 at ca. 1% HCl loss for all the investigated PVC(A) samples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2177-2188
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of polymer science. Part A-1, Polymer chemistry
Volume21
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1983

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Ivan, B., Kennedy, J. P., Kelen, T., Tudos, F., Nagy, T. T., & Turcsanyi, B. (1983). DEGRADATION OF PVCs OBTAINED BY CONTROLLED CHEMICAL DEHYDROCHLORINATION. Journal of polymer science. Part A-1, Polymer chemistry, 21(8), 2177-2188.