Degradation of H-acid and its derivative in aqueous solution by ionising radiation

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The mechanism of high-energy radiation induced degradation of H-acid (4-amino-5-hydroxynaphthalene-2,7-disulphonic acid, (I)) and its derivative, 4-hydroxynaphthalene-2,7-disulphonic acid (II) (central parts of a large number of azo dyes), was investigated in aqueous solutions. These compounds can be efficiently destroyed by the {radical dot}OH and hydrated electron intermediates produced during water radiolysis. As the first step of degradation mainly cyclohexadienyl-type radicals form, however, with I H-atom elimination from the NH2 group is also observed yielding anilino-type radicals. Both the cyclohexadienyl and the anilino-type radicals decay on the millisecond timescale. In the {radical dot}OH reactions as stable products hydroxylated molecules and quinone-type compounds form. These molecules by further decomposition of the ring structure transform to open chain molecules. In the case of hydrated electron, the primarily formed products have absorption spectra shifted to the low-wavelength region indicating the destruction of at least one of the aromatic rings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2533-2540
Number of pages8
JournalWater Research
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2007



  • Degradation
  • H-acid
  • Intermediates
  • Mechanism
  • Radiolysis
  • Wastewater treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecological Modelling
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

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