Decreasing tendency of seasonality in suicide may indicate lowering rate of depressive suicides in the population

Z. Ríhmer, Wolfgang Rutz, Hans Pihlgren, Péter Pestality

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

67 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The seasonality of suicide is well known and a repeatedly demonstrated phenomenon. The authors analyzed the seasonality of 148 suicide events on Gotland between 1981 and 1996. A marked and significant seasonality with a spring and summer peak was found between 1981 and 1989, when the prescription of antidepressants was relatively low and stable. However, this seasonality disappeared in the period between 1990 and 1996, when prescription of antidepressants increased dramatically, indicating that more and more depressed patients were pharmacologically treated. As the seasonality of suicide in the population is the reflection of the seasonal nature of depressive suicides, the result suggests that a decreasing tendency of seasonality in suicide may indicate the lowering rate of depressive suicides in the given population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-240
Number of pages8
JournalPsychiatry Research
Volume81
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 16 1998

Fingerprint

Suicide
Population
Antidepressive Agents
Prescriptions

Keywords

  • Antidepressants
  • Circannual rhythms
  • Depression
  • Gotland
  • Suicide prevention
  • Suicide victims

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Decreasing tendency of seasonality in suicide may indicate lowering rate of depressive suicides in the population. / Ríhmer, Z.; Rutz, Wolfgang; Pihlgren, Hans; Pestality, Péter.

In: Psychiatry Research, Vol. 81, No. 2, 16.11.1998, p. 233-240.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ríhmer, Z. ; Rutz, Wolfgang ; Pihlgren, Hans ; Pestality, Péter. / Decreasing tendency of seasonality in suicide may indicate lowering rate of depressive suicides in the population. In: Psychiatry Research. 1998 ; Vol. 81, No. 2. pp. 233-240.
@article{f095a3599f504bf6a7b8fcc73d10f96d,
title = "Decreasing tendency of seasonality in suicide may indicate lowering rate of depressive suicides in the population",
abstract = "The seasonality of suicide is well known and a repeatedly demonstrated phenomenon. The authors analyzed the seasonality of 148 suicide events on Gotland between 1981 and 1996. A marked and significant seasonality with a spring and summer peak was found between 1981 and 1989, when the prescription of antidepressants was relatively low and stable. However, this seasonality disappeared in the period between 1990 and 1996, when prescription of antidepressants increased dramatically, indicating that more and more depressed patients were pharmacologically treated. As the seasonality of suicide in the population is the reflection of the seasonal nature of depressive suicides, the result suggests that a decreasing tendency of seasonality in suicide may indicate the lowering rate of depressive suicides in the given population.",
keywords = "Antidepressants, Circannual rhythms, Depression, Gotland, Suicide prevention, Suicide victims",
author = "Z. R{\'i}hmer and Wolfgang Rutz and Hans Pihlgren and P{\'e}ter Pestality",
year = "1998",
month = "11",
day = "16",
doi = "10.1016/S0165-1781(98)00106-1",
language = "English",
volume = "81",
pages = "233--240",
journal = "Psychiatry Research",
issn = "0165-1781",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Decreasing tendency of seasonality in suicide may indicate lowering rate of depressive suicides in the population

AU - Ríhmer, Z.

AU - Rutz, Wolfgang

AU - Pihlgren, Hans

AU - Pestality, Péter

PY - 1998/11/16

Y1 - 1998/11/16

N2 - The seasonality of suicide is well known and a repeatedly demonstrated phenomenon. The authors analyzed the seasonality of 148 suicide events on Gotland between 1981 and 1996. A marked and significant seasonality with a spring and summer peak was found between 1981 and 1989, when the prescription of antidepressants was relatively low and stable. However, this seasonality disappeared in the period between 1990 and 1996, when prescription of antidepressants increased dramatically, indicating that more and more depressed patients were pharmacologically treated. As the seasonality of suicide in the population is the reflection of the seasonal nature of depressive suicides, the result suggests that a decreasing tendency of seasonality in suicide may indicate the lowering rate of depressive suicides in the given population.

AB - The seasonality of suicide is well known and a repeatedly demonstrated phenomenon. The authors analyzed the seasonality of 148 suicide events on Gotland between 1981 and 1996. A marked and significant seasonality with a spring and summer peak was found between 1981 and 1989, when the prescription of antidepressants was relatively low and stable. However, this seasonality disappeared in the period between 1990 and 1996, when prescription of antidepressants increased dramatically, indicating that more and more depressed patients were pharmacologically treated. As the seasonality of suicide in the population is the reflection of the seasonal nature of depressive suicides, the result suggests that a decreasing tendency of seasonality in suicide may indicate the lowering rate of depressive suicides in the given population.

KW - Antidepressants

KW - Circannual rhythms

KW - Depression

KW - Gotland

KW - Suicide prevention

KW - Suicide victims

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0032539012&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0032539012&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0165-1781(98)00106-1

DO - 10.1016/S0165-1781(98)00106-1

M3 - Article

C2 - 9858039

AN - SCOPUS:0032539012

VL - 81

SP - 233

EP - 240

JO - Psychiatry Research

JF - Psychiatry Research

SN - 0165-1781

IS - 2

ER -