Decreased VEGF level is associated with elevated ferritin concentration in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of children with interstitial lung diseases

Ágnes Papp, Zsolt Bene, Imre Gáspár, B. Nagy, Lászl Kádár, Tivadar Márialigeti, Andrea Bánfi, György Baktai, G. Balla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Background: A decreased level of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was previously described in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of adults with interstitial lung diseases (ILD) due to bronchial epithelial cell apoptosis and its proteolytic degradation. Elevated intrapulmonary ferritin was produced by alveolar cells that promoted oxidative injury in such patients. Objectives: In this study, we analyzed the concentrations of VEGF and ferritin in BALF samples of ILD children and studied the relationship between their levels and the degree of inflammation. Methods: BALF and serum concentration of VEGF as well as ferritin and albumin in BALF samples were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in children with idiopathic interstitial pneumonia (n = 16), hypersensitivity pneumonitis (n = 11) and idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis (n = 3). Twenty-four age- and gender-matched subjects with suspicious foreign body aspiration served as a control group. Results: VEGF per albumin levels in BALF were significantly decreased in ILD children compared to controls (1,075 [784-1,415] pg/mg albumin vs. 2,741 [1,131-4,660] pg/mg albumin, p = 0.0008). These values showed a significant negative correlation with inflammatory markers of total immune cell count in BALF (r = -0.411, p = 0.002) and serum C-reactive protein (r = -0.367, p = 0.006). Although serum VEGF was augmented in ILD children versus controls, no difference was observed among the ILD groups. In addition, BALF ferritin/albumin level (688 [188-1,571] ng/mg albumin vs. 256 [178-350] ng/mg albumin, p = 0.022) was significantly higher than normal in ILD individuals, especially in idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis. Conclusion: Depressed VEGF and increased ferritin in BALF may reflect the severity of chronic pulmonary inflammation in altered respiratory epithelium of childhood ILD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)443-450
Number of pages8
JournalRespiration
Volume90
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2015

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Interstitial Lung Diseases
Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid
Ferritins
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
Albumins
Idiopathic Interstitial Pneumonias
Extrinsic Allergic Alveolitis
Alveolar Epithelial Cells
Respiratory Mucosa
Foreign Bodies
Serum
C-Reactive Protein
Blood Proteins
Pneumonia
Cell Count
Biomarkers
Epithelial Cells
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Apoptosis
Inflammation

Keywords

  • Bronchoalveolar lavage
  • Children
  • Ferritin
  • Interstitial lung diseases
  • Vascular endothelial growth factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

Decreased VEGF level is associated with elevated ferritin concentration in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of children with interstitial lung diseases. / Papp, Ágnes; Bene, Zsolt; Gáspár, Imre; Nagy, B.; Kádár, Lászl; Márialigeti, Tivadar; Bánfi, Andrea; Baktai, György; Balla, G.

In: Respiration, Vol. 90, No. 6, 01.12.2015, p. 443-450.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Papp, Ágnes ; Bene, Zsolt ; Gáspár, Imre ; Nagy, B. ; Kádár, Lászl ; Márialigeti, Tivadar ; Bánfi, Andrea ; Baktai, György ; Balla, G. / Decreased VEGF level is associated with elevated ferritin concentration in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of children with interstitial lung diseases. In: Respiration. 2015 ; Vol. 90, No. 6. pp. 443-450.
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abstract = "Background: A decreased level of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was previously described in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of adults with interstitial lung diseases (ILD) due to bronchial epithelial cell apoptosis and its proteolytic degradation. Elevated intrapulmonary ferritin was produced by alveolar cells that promoted oxidative injury in such patients. Objectives: In this study, we analyzed the concentrations of VEGF and ferritin in BALF samples of ILD children and studied the relationship between their levels and the degree of inflammation. Methods: BALF and serum concentration of VEGF as well as ferritin and albumin in BALF samples were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in children with idiopathic interstitial pneumonia (n = 16), hypersensitivity pneumonitis (n = 11) and idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis (n = 3). Twenty-four age- and gender-matched subjects with suspicious foreign body aspiration served as a control group. Results: VEGF per albumin levels in BALF were significantly decreased in ILD children compared to controls (1,075 [784-1,415] pg/mg albumin vs. 2,741 [1,131-4,660] pg/mg albumin, p = 0.0008). These values showed a significant negative correlation with inflammatory markers of total immune cell count in BALF (r = -0.411, p = 0.002) and serum C-reactive protein (r = -0.367, p = 0.006). Although serum VEGF was augmented in ILD children versus controls, no difference was observed among the ILD groups. In addition, BALF ferritin/albumin level (688 [188-1,571] ng/mg albumin vs. 256 [178-350] ng/mg albumin, p = 0.022) was significantly higher than normal in ILD individuals, especially in idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis. Conclusion: Depressed VEGF and increased ferritin in BALF may reflect the severity of chronic pulmonary inflammation in altered respiratory epithelium of childhood ILD.",
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T1 - Decreased VEGF level is associated with elevated ferritin concentration in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of children with interstitial lung diseases

AU - Papp, Ágnes

AU - Bene, Zsolt

AU - Gáspár, Imre

AU - Nagy, B.

AU - Kádár, Lászl

AU - Márialigeti, Tivadar

AU - Bánfi, Andrea

AU - Baktai, György

AU - Balla, G.

PY - 2015/12/1

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N2 - Background: A decreased level of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was previously described in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of adults with interstitial lung diseases (ILD) due to bronchial epithelial cell apoptosis and its proteolytic degradation. Elevated intrapulmonary ferritin was produced by alveolar cells that promoted oxidative injury in such patients. Objectives: In this study, we analyzed the concentrations of VEGF and ferritin in BALF samples of ILD children and studied the relationship between their levels and the degree of inflammation. Methods: BALF and serum concentration of VEGF as well as ferritin and albumin in BALF samples were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in children with idiopathic interstitial pneumonia (n = 16), hypersensitivity pneumonitis (n = 11) and idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis (n = 3). Twenty-four age- and gender-matched subjects with suspicious foreign body aspiration served as a control group. Results: VEGF per albumin levels in BALF were significantly decreased in ILD children compared to controls (1,075 [784-1,415] pg/mg albumin vs. 2,741 [1,131-4,660] pg/mg albumin, p = 0.0008). These values showed a significant negative correlation with inflammatory markers of total immune cell count in BALF (r = -0.411, p = 0.002) and serum C-reactive protein (r = -0.367, p = 0.006). Although serum VEGF was augmented in ILD children versus controls, no difference was observed among the ILD groups. In addition, BALF ferritin/albumin level (688 [188-1,571] ng/mg albumin vs. 256 [178-350] ng/mg albumin, p = 0.022) was significantly higher than normal in ILD individuals, especially in idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis. Conclusion: Depressed VEGF and increased ferritin in BALF may reflect the severity of chronic pulmonary inflammation in altered respiratory epithelium of childhood ILD.

AB - Background: A decreased level of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was previously described in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of adults with interstitial lung diseases (ILD) due to bronchial epithelial cell apoptosis and its proteolytic degradation. Elevated intrapulmonary ferritin was produced by alveolar cells that promoted oxidative injury in such patients. Objectives: In this study, we analyzed the concentrations of VEGF and ferritin in BALF samples of ILD children and studied the relationship between their levels and the degree of inflammation. Methods: BALF and serum concentration of VEGF as well as ferritin and albumin in BALF samples were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in children with idiopathic interstitial pneumonia (n = 16), hypersensitivity pneumonitis (n = 11) and idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis (n = 3). Twenty-four age- and gender-matched subjects with suspicious foreign body aspiration served as a control group. Results: VEGF per albumin levels in BALF were significantly decreased in ILD children compared to controls (1,075 [784-1,415] pg/mg albumin vs. 2,741 [1,131-4,660] pg/mg albumin, p = 0.0008). These values showed a significant negative correlation with inflammatory markers of total immune cell count in BALF (r = -0.411, p = 0.002) and serum C-reactive protein (r = -0.367, p = 0.006). Although serum VEGF was augmented in ILD children versus controls, no difference was observed among the ILD groups. In addition, BALF ferritin/albumin level (688 [188-1,571] ng/mg albumin vs. 256 [178-350] ng/mg albumin, p = 0.022) was significantly higher than normal in ILD individuals, especially in idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis. Conclusion: Depressed VEGF and increased ferritin in BALF may reflect the severity of chronic pulmonary inflammation in altered respiratory epithelium of childhood ILD.

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