The effect of malabsorption syndrome (stunting or runting syndrome) on the thyroid function of broilers was investigated in control and inoculated broilers from 1 to 29 days of age. The broilers were infected at 1 day of age with intestinal homogenates from chickens naturally suffering from this syndrome. The body weight of inoculated broilers was significantly (P less than 0.05) lower 1 week after inoculation than that of controls. The level of thyroxine in the serum of inoculated birds was lower (P less than 0.05) from day 6 through the remainder of the trial. The level of triiodothyronine of inoculated birds was depressed (P less than 0.05) on day 4, but 1 week later it returned to normal. The earliest phenomenon indicative of disturbance of thyroid function was the significant depression of 5'-deiodination in liver homogenates of inoculated broilers as early as day 2. It is concluded that thyroid function is one of the earliest targets of this syndrome.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Animals
- Animal Science and Zoology
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)