Decomposition of cellulose and glucose in hot-compressed water under catalyst-free conditions

Tomoaki Minowa, Zhen Fang, Tomoko Ogi, Gábor Várhegyi

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121 Citations (Scopus)


Cellulose, a major component of woody biomass, was reacted in hot-compressed water under catalyst-free conditions at different reaction temperatures from 200 to 350°C. The product distribution was analyzed at different temperatures and/or holding times. A simplified reaction scheme is proposed, in which char-like residues are produced from cellulose through water-soluble products and oils, as intermediates. Experiments with glucose and cellulose feedstock resulted in the same product distribution, suggesting that cellulose decomposition starts with a first hydrolysis step. Levoglucosan and 5-(hydroxymethyl)furfural (HMF) were also detected. The role of alkali catalysts in cellulose liquefaction is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-134
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Chemical Engineering of Japan
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1998



  • Biomass
  • Catalyst-Free
  • Cellulose
  • Char Formation
  • Hot-Compressed Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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