Decomposition modes of dioxirane, methyldioxirane and dimethyldioxirane - A CCSD(T), MR-AQCC and DFT investigation

Dieter Cremer, Elfi Kraka, Peter G. Szalay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

118 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Formation and decomposition of dioxirane (2a), methyldioxirane (2b) and dimethyldioxirane (2c) in the gas phase were investigated by carrying out CCSD(T), MR-AQCC and B3LYP calculations with the 6-31G(d, p), 6-311+G(3df, 3pd) and cc-VTZ2P+f, d basis sets. The inclusion of f functions in the basis set was essential to determine the heat of formation ΔHfo(298) of carbonyl oxide (1a) and 2a to be 27.0 and -0.3 kcal/mol, respectively. With the latter value, we calculate the same ring strain energy for cyclopropane, oxirane and 2a. Molecule 2a decomposes at 298 K with an activation enthalpy of 18 kcal/mol to methylenebis(oxy) (3a), which is calculated to be 1.2 kcal/mol less stable than 2a, in contrast to previous investigations. Two methyl substituents increase the ring opening barrier to 23 kcal/mol and, thereby guarantee the kinetic stability of 2c. The biradicals 3 decompose with barriers smaller than 4 kcal/mol to esters and therefore will be difficult to intercept in dioxirane decomposition reactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-109
Number of pages13
JournalChemical Physics Letters
Volume292
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 31 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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