Decomposition and reforming of methanol on Pt metals supported by carbon Norit

P. Tolmacsov, A. Gazsi, F. Solymosi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The decomposition and the steam reforming of methanol have been investigated on Pt-group metals supported by carbon Norit and multiwall carbon nanotubes. The decomposition of methanol on these catalysts begins around 450 K and, with the exception of less active Pd/Norit, approaches a conversion of 90-100% at 723 K. The products are H2 and CO with a very small amount of methane. The decomposition of methanol follows the first order kinetics. The activation energy of this process on Rh/Norit is 74.5 KJ/mol. The order of the efficiency of the metals based on the turnover frequency is Ru > Rh > Ir≥Pt > Pd. The selectivities of hydrogen above 623 K were 60-95%. This value increased to 97.5-99.5% using CH3OH:H2O (1:1) reacting mixture indicating the involvement of water in the reaction. No deactivation of metal/Norit catalysts was experienced at 723 K in 10 h.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-61
Number of pages4
JournalApplied Catalysis A: General
Volume362
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 30 2009

Fingerprint

Charcoal
Reforming reactions
Methanol
Carbon
Metals
Decomposition
Catalysts
Steam reforming
Carbon Nanotubes
Carbon nanotubes
Methane
Carbon Monoxide
Activation energy
Hydrogen
Kinetics
Water

Keywords

  • Carbon support
  • Hydrogen production
  • Methanol decomposition
  • Pt metals
  • Reforming of methanol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

Cite this

Decomposition and reforming of methanol on Pt metals supported by carbon Norit. / Tolmacsov, P.; Gazsi, A.; Solymosi, F.

In: Applied Catalysis A: General, Vol. 362, No. 1-2, 30.06.2009, p. 58-61.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - The decomposition and the steam reforming of methanol have been investigated on Pt-group metals supported by carbon Norit and multiwall carbon nanotubes. The decomposition of methanol on these catalysts begins around 450 K and, with the exception of less active Pd/Norit, approaches a conversion of 90-100% at 723 K. The products are H2 and CO with a very small amount of methane. The decomposition of methanol follows the first order kinetics. The activation energy of this process on Rh/Norit is 74.5 KJ/mol. The order of the efficiency of the metals based on the turnover frequency is Ru > Rh > Ir≥Pt > Pd. The selectivities of hydrogen above 623 K were 60-95%. This value increased to 97.5-99.5% using CH3OH:H2O (1:1) reacting mixture indicating the involvement of water in the reaction. No deactivation of metal/Norit catalysts was experienced at 723 K in 10 h.

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