Gyilkosgalóca-mérgezés és az állatvilág Irodalmi áttekintés

Translated title of the contribution: Death cap poisoning and the animals. Literature review

Vetter János, Vetter Szilvia

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Death cap (Amanita phalloïdes) and fool's mushroom (Amanita verna) are the most important amatoxin containing mushrooms in Central-Europe. These toxins belong to the cyclic octapeptides; their chemical structure (as triptathionin) is unusual, they have a great stability (against heat, acids and digestive enzymes). Humans and mammals are very susceptible, other animal groups show lower susceptibility (based on respective LD50 values). Animal poisonings are summarized from the literature, of which the main problems are massive liver and kidney damage with high mortality. Amatoxin molecules inhibit the activity of RNA polymerase II. enzyme producing a stable complex between the toxin and the enzyme. Principles of the therapy are given: importance of a rapid identification of the type of poisoning (of mushroom species), significance of starting the therapy as early as possible and the role of natural molecules for the protection of the liver.

Translated title of the contributionDeath cap poisoning and the animals. Literature review
Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)750-758
Number of pages9
JournalMagyar Allatorvosok Lapja
Volume136
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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