De novo formed satellite DNA-based mammalian artificial chromosomes and their possible applications

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mammalian artificial chromosomes (MACs) are non-integrating, autonomously replicating natural chromosome-based vectors that may carry a vast amount of genetic material, which in turn enable potentially prolonged, safe, and regulated therapeutic transgene expression and render MACs as attractive genetic vectors for “gene replacement” or for controlling differentiation pathways in target cells. Satellite-DNA-based artificial chromosomes (SATACs) can be made by induced de novo chromosome formation in cells of different mammalian and plant species. These artificially generated accessory chromosomes are composed of predictable DNA sequences, and they contain defined genetic information. SATACs have already passed a number of obstacles crucial to their further development as gene therapy vectors, including large-scale purification, transfer of purified artificial chromosomes into different cells and embryos, generation of transgenic animals and germline transmission with purified SATACs, and the tissue-specific expression of a therapeutic gene from an artificial chromosome in the milk of transgenic animals. SATACs could be used in cell therapy protocols. For these methods, the most versatile target cell would be one that was pluripotent and self-renewing to address multiple disease target cell types, thus making multilineage stem cells, such as adult derived early progenitor cells and embryonic stem cells, as attractive universal host cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-157
Number of pages15
JournalChromosome Research
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 19 2015

Keywords

  • Cell therapy
  • Integrase
  • Recombinase
  • Stem cell
  • Transgene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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