In year 1995 the European Society of Cardiology started an epidemiological study EUROASPIRE to evaluate the results of secondary prevention in some European countries. The first study period was in 1995, the second in 1999-2000 and the third in 2007. From Hungary the same study centers participated in EUROASPIRE I-II-III investigation. Authors present the Hungarian data and changes occurring the last ten years. During the three studies, 1627 coronary patients- younger than 70 years - were evaluated, using standardized methods. In the two Hungarian study centers, the proportion of women and patients older than 60 years increased. The hospital documentation of risk factors improved, at the time of EUROASPIRE III necessary data were found in 89%-99% of patient's records. Mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure continuously decreased between the first and second study period, but at the time of the third study 44% of the patients had elevated blood pressure (>140/90 mmHg). Prevalence of smoking decreased by 8% between second and third study period, however, at the time of the last study, 18% of coronary patients were smokers. The mean of total cholesterol was lower in the last study period comparing to the first investigation (5.6 vs. 5.2 mmol/l). HDL cholesterol level was unchanged and increasing triglyceride values were observed. During the study period the prevalence of obesity continuously increased from 23% to 49%. Prevalence of patients with total cholesterol level 5.5 mmol/l or higher has decreased from 60% to 24%, however 57% of patients did not reach the target level (4.5 mmol/l) although 80% of patients were treated with lipid lowering drugs: 76% of them received statins. Authors say that some part of secondary prevention improved during the last ten years, but many patients did not reach the target blood pressure and cholesterol level and it is embarrassing the prevalence of obesity and diabetes. The published data are not representative for whole Hungary; most probably the general situation is worse. Authors emphasize the importance of secondary prevention in the graduate and postgraduate education. For improving the secondary prevention, better cooperation is needed between hospital staff and patients and general practitioners as well.
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