Data on elemental composition of Russula cyanoxantha along an urbanization gradient in Cluj-Napoca (Romania)

Andreea R. Zsigmond, Izolda Kántor, Zoltán May, István Urák, Károly Héberger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

How far-reaching is the influence of the urban area over the mineral composition of the Russula cyanoxantha mushroom? To answer this question, we monitored the metal uptake behavior of this fungus relying on the soil properties. We sampled mushroom and soil from six forests according to an urbanization gradient, and two city parks in Cluj-Napoca (Romania). The elements were quantified using inductively coupled plasma - optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES). The concentrations of some elements differed significantly (p < 0.05) in the samples from the city (0.39 ± 0.35 mg kg-1 for cadmium (Cd), 0.40 ± 0.19 mg kg-1 for chromium (Cr), 69.1 ± 29.9 mg kg-1 for iron (Fe), 10.9 ± 1.3 mg kg-1 for manganese (Mn), 0.76 ± 0.45 mg kg-1 for titanium (Ti)) compared with the samples from the forests (3.15–14.1 mg kg-1 Cd, < 0.18 mg kg-1 for Cr, 22.6–34.5 mg kg-1 for Fe, 15.9–19.1 mg kg-1 for Mn, 0.19–0.36 mg kg-1 for Ti). We observed a definite negative trend in the mineral accumulation potential of this fungus along the urbanization gradient. The fungus turned from a cadmium-accumulator to a cadmium-excluder. This highlights a positive environmental influence of the urbanization over the toxic metal uptake of R. cyanoxantha. The hypothesis, that the urban soil pollution would increase the metal content of the mushroom was disproved. The possible explanation might be the elevated carbonate content of the urban soil, which is known to immobilize the metals in the soil.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104572
JournalData in Brief
Volume27
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019

Fingerprint

urbanization
mushroom
cadmium
fungus
titanium
chromium
manganese
metal
urban pollution
soil pollution
soil
mineral
soil property
urban area
spectroscopy
plasma
carbonate
iron
city

Keywords

  • Elemental composition
  • ICP-OES
  • Metal ions uptake
  • Multivariate data analysis
  • Russula cyanoxantha
  • Urbanization gradient

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Data on elemental composition of Russula cyanoxantha along an urbanization gradient in Cluj-Napoca (Romania). / Zsigmond, Andreea R.; Kántor, Izolda; May, Zoltán; Urák, István; Héberger, Károly.

In: Data in Brief, Vol. 27, 104572, 12.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zsigmond, Andreea R. ; Kántor, Izolda ; May, Zoltán ; Urák, István ; Héberger, Károly. / Data on elemental composition of Russula cyanoxantha along an urbanization gradient in Cluj-Napoca (Romania). In: Data in Brief. 2019 ; Vol. 27.
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