Inflammatory bowel disease is a chronic disorder affecting young adults in their reproductive years, hence its populational consequences are not negligible. While fertility in inflammatory bowel disease is the same as in the general population (except for male patients with sulphasalazine treatment and females with ileum-pouch anal anastomosis), "voluntary childlessness" is higher, 14-18%. Patients require accurate counseling addressing fertility, pregnancy course and outcome. They need to be informed appropriately about risks and benefits of medications in inflammatory bowel disease in order to assist their decision making, decrease "voluntary childlessness" and improve compliance. Authors review the issues related to fertility, outcome of pregnancy, medical treatment options before and during pregnancy as well as during breastfeeding in inflammatory bowel disease.
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