Dark matter as a non-relativistic Bose-Einstein Condensate with massive gravitons

Emma Kun, Zoltán Keresztes, Saurya Das, László Gergely

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)


We confront a non-relativistic Bose-Einstein Condensate (BEC) model of light bosons interacting gravitationally either through a Newtonian or a Yukawa potential with the observed rotational curves of 12 dwarf galaxies. The baryonic component is modeled as an axisymmetric exponential disk and its characteristics are derived from the surface luminosity profile of the galaxies. The purely baryonic fit is unsatisfactory, hence a dark matter component is clearly needed. The rotational curves of five galaxies could be explained with high confidence level by the BEC model. For these galaxies, we derive: (i) upper limits for the allowed graviton mass; and (ii) constraints on a velocity-type and a density-type quantity characterizing the BEC, both being expressed in terms of the BEC particle mass, scattering length and chemical potential. The upper limit for the graviton mass is of the order of 10-26 eV/c2, three orders of magnitude stronger than the limit derived from recent gravitational wave detections.

Original languageEnglish
Article number520
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018


  • Dark matter
  • Galactic rotation curve

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Mathematics(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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