Danube loess stratigraphy - Towards a pan-European loess stratigraphic model

Slobodan B. Marković, Thomas Stevens, George J. Kukla, Ulrich Hambach, Kathryn E. Fitzsimmons, Phil Gibbard, Björn Buggle, Michael Zech, Zhengtang Guo, Qingzhen Hao, Haibin Wu, Ken O'Hara Dhand, Ian J. Smalley, Gábor Újvári, P. Sümegi, Alida Timar-Gabor, Daniel Veres, Frank Sirocko, Djordjije A. Vasiljević, Zdzisław JaryAnderss Svensson, Vidojko Jović, Frank Lehmkuhl, János Kovács, Zorica Svirčev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

108 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Danube River drainage basin is the second largest river catchment in Europe and contains a significant and extensive region of thick loess deposits that preserve a record of a wide variety of recent and past environments. Indeed, the Danube River and tributaries may themselves be responsible for the transportation of large volumes of silt that ultimately drive loess formation in the middle and lower reaches of this large catchment. However, this vast loess province lacks a unified stratigraphic scheme. European loess research started in the late 17th century in the Danube Basin with the work of Count Luigi Ferdinand Marsigli. Since that time numerous investigations provided the basis for the pioneering stratigraphic framework proposed initially by Kukla (1970, 1977) in his correlations of loess with deep-sea sediments. Loess-palaeosol sequences in the middle and lower reaches of the Danube River basin were a key part of this framework and contain some of the longest and most complete continental climate records in Europe, covering more than the last million years. However, the very size of the Danube loess belt and the large number of countries it covers presents a major limiting factor in developing a unified approach that enables continental scale analysis of the deposits. Local loess-palaeosol stratigraphic schemes have been defined separately in different countries and the difficulties in correlating such schemes, which often change significantly with advances in age-dating, have limited the number of basin-wide studies. A unified basin-wide stratigraphic model would greatly alleviate these difficulties and facilitate research into the wider significance of these loess records. Therefore we review the existing stratigraphic schemes and define a new Danube Basin wide loess stratigraphy based around a synthetic type section of the Mošorin and Stari Slankamen sites in Serbia. We present a detailed comparison with the sedimentological and palaeoclimatic records preserved in sediments of the Chinese Loess Plateau, with the oxygen isotope records from deep-sea sediments, and with classic European Pleistocene stratigraphic subdivisions. The hierarchy of Danubian stratigraphic units is determined by climatically controlled environmental shifts, in a similar way to the Chinese loess stratigraphic scheme. A new unified Danube loess stratigraphic model has a number of advantages, including preventing confusion resulting from the use of multiple national schemes, a more transparent basis, and the potential to set Pleistocene palaeoenvironmental changes recorded in the Danube catchment area into a global context. The use of a very simple labelling system based on the well-established Chinese loess scheme facilitates interpretation of palaeoenvironmental information reported from the Danube Basin loess sites in a wider more accessible context that can be readily correlated world-wide. This stratigraphic approach also provides, for the first time, an appropriate framework for the development of an integrated, pan-European and potentially pan-Eurasian loess stratigraphic scheme.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)228-258
Number of pages31
JournalEarth Science Reviews
Volume148
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2015

Fingerprint

loess
stratigraphy
basin
deep-sea sediment
paleosol
river
Pleistocene
catchment
type section
drainage basin
limiting factor
oxygen isotope
tributary
silt
river basin

Keywords

  • Chinese Loess Plateau
  • Danube
  • Europe
  • Loess
  • Pleistocene
  • Stratigraphy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Marković, S. B., Stevens, T., Kukla, G. J., Hambach, U., Fitzsimmons, K. E., Gibbard, P., ... Svirčev, Z. (2015). Danube loess stratigraphy - Towards a pan-European loess stratigraphic model. Earth Science Reviews, 148, 228-258. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2015.06.005

Danube loess stratigraphy - Towards a pan-European loess stratigraphic model. / Marković, Slobodan B.; Stevens, Thomas; Kukla, George J.; Hambach, Ulrich; Fitzsimmons, Kathryn E.; Gibbard, Phil; Buggle, Björn; Zech, Michael; Guo, Zhengtang; Hao, Qingzhen; Wu, Haibin; O'Hara Dhand, Ken; Smalley, Ian J.; Újvári, Gábor; Sümegi, P.; Timar-Gabor, Alida; Veres, Daniel; Sirocko, Frank; Vasiljević, Djordjije A.; Jary, Zdzisław; Svensson, Anderss; Jović, Vidojko; Lehmkuhl, Frank; Kovács, János; Svirčev, Zorica.

In: Earth Science Reviews, Vol. 148, 01.09.2015, p. 228-258.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Marković, SB, Stevens, T, Kukla, GJ, Hambach, U, Fitzsimmons, KE, Gibbard, P, Buggle, B, Zech, M, Guo, Z, Hao, Q, Wu, H, O'Hara Dhand, K, Smalley, IJ, Újvári, G, Sümegi, P, Timar-Gabor, A, Veres, D, Sirocko, F, Vasiljević, DA, Jary, Z, Svensson, A, Jović, V, Lehmkuhl, F, Kovács, J & Svirčev, Z 2015, 'Danube loess stratigraphy - Towards a pan-European loess stratigraphic model', Earth Science Reviews, vol. 148, pp. 228-258. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2015.06.005
Marković SB, Stevens T, Kukla GJ, Hambach U, Fitzsimmons KE, Gibbard P et al. Danube loess stratigraphy - Towards a pan-European loess stratigraphic model. Earth Science Reviews. 2015 Sep 1;148:228-258. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2015.06.005
Marković, Slobodan B. ; Stevens, Thomas ; Kukla, George J. ; Hambach, Ulrich ; Fitzsimmons, Kathryn E. ; Gibbard, Phil ; Buggle, Björn ; Zech, Michael ; Guo, Zhengtang ; Hao, Qingzhen ; Wu, Haibin ; O'Hara Dhand, Ken ; Smalley, Ian J. ; Újvári, Gábor ; Sümegi, P. ; Timar-Gabor, Alida ; Veres, Daniel ; Sirocko, Frank ; Vasiljević, Djordjije A. ; Jary, Zdzisław ; Svensson, Anderss ; Jović, Vidojko ; Lehmkuhl, Frank ; Kovács, János ; Svirčev, Zorica. / Danube loess stratigraphy - Towards a pan-European loess stratigraphic model. In: Earth Science Reviews. 2015 ; Vol. 148. pp. 228-258.
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AU - Marković, Slobodan B.

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AU - Hambach, Ulrich

AU - Fitzsimmons, Kathryn E.

AU - Gibbard, Phil

AU - Buggle, Björn

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AU - Guo, Zhengtang

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AU - Veres, Daniel

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AU - Jary, Zdzisław

AU - Svensson, Anderss

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N2 - The Danube River drainage basin is the second largest river catchment in Europe and contains a significant and extensive region of thick loess deposits that preserve a record of a wide variety of recent and past environments. Indeed, the Danube River and tributaries may themselves be responsible for the transportation of large volumes of silt that ultimately drive loess formation in the middle and lower reaches of this large catchment. However, this vast loess province lacks a unified stratigraphic scheme. European loess research started in the late 17th century in the Danube Basin with the work of Count Luigi Ferdinand Marsigli. Since that time numerous investigations provided the basis for the pioneering stratigraphic framework proposed initially by Kukla (1970, 1977) in his correlations of loess with deep-sea sediments. Loess-palaeosol sequences in the middle and lower reaches of the Danube River basin were a key part of this framework and contain some of the longest and most complete continental climate records in Europe, covering more than the last million years. However, the very size of the Danube loess belt and the large number of countries it covers presents a major limiting factor in developing a unified approach that enables continental scale analysis of the deposits. Local loess-palaeosol stratigraphic schemes have been defined separately in different countries and the difficulties in correlating such schemes, which often change significantly with advances in age-dating, have limited the number of basin-wide studies. A unified basin-wide stratigraphic model would greatly alleviate these difficulties and facilitate research into the wider significance of these loess records. Therefore we review the existing stratigraphic schemes and define a new Danube Basin wide loess stratigraphy based around a synthetic type section of the Mošorin and Stari Slankamen sites in Serbia. We present a detailed comparison with the sedimentological and palaeoclimatic records preserved in sediments of the Chinese Loess Plateau, with the oxygen isotope records from deep-sea sediments, and with classic European Pleistocene stratigraphic subdivisions. The hierarchy of Danubian stratigraphic units is determined by climatically controlled environmental shifts, in a similar way to the Chinese loess stratigraphic scheme. A new unified Danube loess stratigraphic model has a number of advantages, including preventing confusion resulting from the use of multiple national schemes, a more transparent basis, and the potential to set Pleistocene palaeoenvironmental changes recorded in the Danube catchment area into a global context. The use of a very simple labelling system based on the well-established Chinese loess scheme facilitates interpretation of palaeoenvironmental information reported from the Danube Basin loess sites in a wider more accessible context that can be readily correlated world-wide. This stratigraphic approach also provides, for the first time, an appropriate framework for the development of an integrated, pan-European and potentially pan-Eurasian loess stratigraphic scheme.

AB - The Danube River drainage basin is the second largest river catchment in Europe and contains a significant and extensive region of thick loess deposits that preserve a record of a wide variety of recent and past environments. Indeed, the Danube River and tributaries may themselves be responsible for the transportation of large volumes of silt that ultimately drive loess formation in the middle and lower reaches of this large catchment. However, this vast loess province lacks a unified stratigraphic scheme. European loess research started in the late 17th century in the Danube Basin with the work of Count Luigi Ferdinand Marsigli. Since that time numerous investigations provided the basis for the pioneering stratigraphic framework proposed initially by Kukla (1970, 1977) in his correlations of loess with deep-sea sediments. Loess-palaeosol sequences in the middle and lower reaches of the Danube River basin were a key part of this framework and contain some of the longest and most complete continental climate records in Europe, covering more than the last million years. However, the very size of the Danube loess belt and the large number of countries it covers presents a major limiting factor in developing a unified approach that enables continental scale analysis of the deposits. Local loess-palaeosol stratigraphic schemes have been defined separately in different countries and the difficulties in correlating such schemes, which often change significantly with advances in age-dating, have limited the number of basin-wide studies. A unified basin-wide stratigraphic model would greatly alleviate these difficulties and facilitate research into the wider significance of these loess records. Therefore we review the existing stratigraphic schemes and define a new Danube Basin wide loess stratigraphy based around a synthetic type section of the Mošorin and Stari Slankamen sites in Serbia. We present a detailed comparison with the sedimentological and palaeoclimatic records preserved in sediments of the Chinese Loess Plateau, with the oxygen isotope records from deep-sea sediments, and with classic European Pleistocene stratigraphic subdivisions. The hierarchy of Danubian stratigraphic units is determined by climatically controlled environmental shifts, in a similar way to the Chinese loess stratigraphic scheme. A new unified Danube loess stratigraphic model has a number of advantages, including preventing confusion resulting from the use of multiple national schemes, a more transparent basis, and the potential to set Pleistocene palaeoenvironmental changes recorded in the Danube catchment area into a global context. The use of a very simple labelling system based on the well-established Chinese loess scheme facilitates interpretation of palaeoenvironmental information reported from the Danube Basin loess sites in a wider more accessible context that can be readily correlated world-wide. This stratigraphic approach also provides, for the first time, an appropriate framework for the development of an integrated, pan-European and potentially pan-Eurasian loess stratigraphic scheme.

KW - Chinese Loess Plateau

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