Cytotoxic granular protein expression, epstein-barr virus strain type, and latent membrane protein-1 oncogene deletions in nasal T- lymphocyte/natural killer cell lymphomas from Mexico

Kojo S.J. Elenitoba-Johnson, Alexandra Zarate-Osorno, Abelardo Meneses, Laszlo Krenacs, Douglas W. Kingma, Mark Raffeld, Elaine S. Jaffe

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Abstract

Nasal T-lymphocyte/natural killer cell lymphomas (nT/NKLs) are a distinct group of neoplasms highly associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), with a high prevalence in Asia but rare in Western countries. Recent studies indicate that these neoplasms are of cytotoxic T- or NK-cell derivation. Previous studies identifying a characteristic 30-base pair deletion within the 3' end of latent membrane protein-1 (del-LMP-1) in other EBV-associated lymphomas suggested a pathogenetic role for del-LMP-1 in those neoplasms. We examined 23 cases of nT/NKL from Mexico for expression of the cytolytic granular proteins TIA-1 and perforin (PRF), and for the presence of EBV by in situ hybridization (ISH). Polymerase chain reaction was performed to identify the EBV (EBNA-2) strain type and the status of the LMP-1 gene (del-LMP-1). Controls consisted of 11 sinonasal B-cell lymphomas (nBLs) and 30 reactive tonsils (RTs) from healthy Mexican individuals. The nT/NKLs expressed TIA-1 in 21 (91%) of 23 cases and PRF in 15 (65%) of 23 cases. In contrast, all of the nBLs were negative for TIA-1 and PRF. Twenty-two (96%) of 23 nT/NKLs were positive for EBV by ISH. In contrast, only 2 (18%) of 11 nBLs were positive for EBV by ISH. EBV strain Type A was identified in 21 (91%) of 23 cases, whereas strain Type B was present in 2 (9%) of the 23 nT/NKLs. A similar percentage (80%) of Type A was noted in 12 of the 15 RTs. del-LMP-1 was detected in 6 (26%) of 23 nT/NKLs, comprising 4 cases of Type A and 2 of Type B. del-LMP-1 was detected in 9 (45%) of 20 RTs. Our results indicated that TIA-1 and PRF were sensitive markers of nT/NKL. The presence of del-LMP-1 in comparable frequencies in the RTs and nT/NKLs suggested to us that this genotype was common in the Mexican population and argued against a definite pathogenetic role for del-LMP-1 in nT/NKL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)754-761
Number of pages8
JournalModern Pathology
Volume11
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 1998

Keywords

  • Epstein-Barr virus
  • Latent membrane protein
  • Nasal lymphoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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