Cytomolecular identification of individual wheat-wheat chromosome arm associations in wheat-rye hybrids

M. Megyeri, M. Molnár-Láng, I. Molnár

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chromosome pairing in the meiotic metaphase I of wheat-rye hybrids has been characterized by sequential genomic and fluorescent in situ hybridization allowing not only the discrimination of wheat and rye chromosomes, but also the identification of the individual wheat and rye chromosome arms involved in the chromosome associations. The majority of associations (93.8%) were observed between the wheat chromosomes. The largest number of wheat-wheat chromosome associations (53%) was detected between the A and D genomes, while the frequency of B-D and A-B associations was significantly lower (32 and 8%, respectively). Among the A-D chromosome associations, pairing between the 3AL and 3DL arms was observed with the highest frequency, while the most frequent of all the chromosome associations (0.113/cell) was found to be the 3DS-3BS. Differences in the pairing frequency of the individual chromosome arms of wheat-rye hybrids have been discussed in relation to the homoeologous relationships between the constituent genomes of hexaploid wheat.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128-136
Number of pages9
JournalCytogenetic and Genome Research
Volume139
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 14 2013

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Keywords

  • Chromosome pairing
  • FISH
  • GISH
  • Meiosis
  • Wheat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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