CYP90A1/CPD, a brassinosteroid biosynthetic cytochrome P450 of Arabidopsis, catalyzes C-3 oxidation

Toshiyuki Ohnishi, Blanka Godza, Bunta Watanabe, Shozo Fujioka, Lidia Hategan, Kouhei Ide, Kiyomi Shibata, Takao Yokota, Miklos Szekeres, Masaharu Mizutani

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Brassinosteroids (BRs) are steroidal phytohormones that regulate plant growth and development. Whereas in Arabidopsis the network-like routes of BR biosynthesis have been elucidated in considerable detail, the roles of some of the biosynthetic enzymes and their participation in the different subpathways remained to be clarified. We investigated the function of the cytochrome P450 monooxygenase CYP90A1/CPD, which earlier had been proposed to act as a BR C-23 hydroxylase. Our GC-MS and genetic analyses demonstrated that the cpd mutation arrests BR synthesis upstream of the DET2-mediated 5α reduction step and that overexpression of the C-23 hydroxylase CYP90C1 does not alleviate BR deficiency in the cpd mutant. In line with these results, we found that CYP90A1/CPD heterologously expressed in a baculovirus-insect cell system catalyzes C-3 oxidation of the early BR intermediates (22S)-22- hydroxycampesterol and (22R,23R)-22,23-dihydroxycampesterol, as well as of 6-deoxocathasterone and 6-deoxoteasterone. Enzyme kinetic data of CYP90A1/CPD and DET2, together with those of the earlier studied CYP90B1, CYP90C1, and CYP90D1, suggest that BR biosynthesis proceeds mainly via the campestanol-independent pathway.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31551-31560
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number37
Publication statusPublished - Sep 7 2012


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Ohnishi, T., Godza, B., Watanabe, B., Fujioka, S., Hategan, L., Ide, K., Shibata, K., Yokota, T., Szekeres, M., & Mizutani, M. (2012). CYP90A1/CPD, a brassinosteroid biosynthetic cytochrome P450 of Arabidopsis, catalyzes C-3 oxidation. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 287(37), 31551-31560.