Objectives: The Preemptive Pharmacogenetic-guided Metoprolol Management for Atrial Fibrillation in Cardiac Surgery (PREEMPTIVE) pilot trial aims to use existing institutional resources to develop a process for integrating CYP2D6 pharmacogenetic test results into the patient electronic health record, to develop an evidence-based clinical decision support tool to facilitate CYP2D6 genotype-guided metoprolol administration in the cardiac surgery setting, and to determine the impact of implementing this CYP2D6 genotype-guided integrated approach on the incidence of postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF), provider, and cost outcomes. Design: One-arm Bayesian adaptive design clinical trial. Setting: Single center, university hospital. Participants: The authors will screen (including CYP2D6 genotype) up to 600 (264 ± 144 expected under the adaptive design) cardiac surgery patients, and enroll up to 200 (88 ± 48 expected) poor, intermediate, and ultrarapid CYP2D6 metabolizers over a period of 2 years at a tertiary academic center. Interventions: All consented and enrolled patients will receive the intervention of CYP2D6 genotype-guided metoprolol management based on CYP2D6 phenotype classified as a poor, intermediate, extensive (normal), or ultrarapid metabolizer. Measurements and Main Results: The primary outcome will be the incidence of postoperative AF. Secondary outcomes relating to rates of CYP2D6 genotype-guided prescription changes, costs, lengths of stay, and implementation metrics also will be investigated. Conclusions: The PREEMPTIVE pilot study is the first perioperative pilot trial to provide essential information for the design of a future, large-scale trial comparing CYP2D6 genotype-guided metoprolol management with a nontailored strategy in terms of managing AF. In addition, secondary outcomes regarding implementation, clinical benefit, safety, and cost-effectiveness in patients undergoing cardiac surgery will be examined.
- CYP2D6 polymorphisms
- atrial fibrillation
- cardiac surgery
- clinical decision support tool
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine