The purpose of this work was to investigate the contribution of CYP2C9 and VKORC1 to acenocoumarol (AC) dose variability, bleeding events in Hungary. The study recruited 117 patients on long-term AC therapy (INR 2–3), and 510 healthy individuals to model the findings. Patients were genotyped for alleles proved to affect lower AC overdose CYP2C9*2, CYP2C9*3, VKORC1*2. Additionally, we tested VKORC1*3, VKORC1*4 to examine their effect in patients with higher AC requirements. Most impact on dose reduction is accountable for CYP2C9*2/*3 (59%) and for VKORC1*2/*2 (45.5%), and on dose increase for newly evaluated VKORC1*3/*4 (22.5%) diplotypes. VKORC1*3 and *4 alleles seem to balance the dose-reducing effect of VKORC1*2 allele. Being a carrier of combination of VKORC1*2 and CYP2C9*2,*3 polymorphisms, rather than of one of these SNPs, is associated with higher risk of over-anticoagulation (up to 34.3%) in long-term AC treatment. The pharmacogenetic dosing algorithm involving VKORC1, CYP2C9 diplotypes and age explains 30.4% of AC dosing variability (p < 6.10 × 10−9). Correlation between the studied diplotypes and bleeding events could not be revealed.
- Bleeding event
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis