Cyclothiazide binding to the GABAA receptor

E. Szárics, A. Simon, J. Visy, Edit Simon-Trompler, Zoltán Banka, László Héja, L. Hársing, Gábor Blaskó, J. Kardos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to explore the molecular interaction between cyclothiazide (CTZ) and γ-aminobutyric acidA (GABAA) receptors, possibly underlying inhibition of GABAA receptor currents, [3H]-CTZ was synthesized. Binding of [3H]-CTZ to rat brain synaptic membranes could be observed only in the presence of the GABAA receptor antagonist (-)[1S,9R]-bicuculline methiodide (BMI) (EC50,BMI = 500 ± 80 μM). GABA decreased [3H]-CTZ binding induced by the presence 300 μM and 3 mM BMI with IC50,GABA values of 300 ± 50 μM and 5.0 ± 0.7 mM, respectively. Binding of CTZ to [3H]-CTZ labeled sites was characterized by IC50,CTZ values of 0.16 ± 0.03 μM ([BMI] = 300 μM) and 7.0 ± 0.5 μM ([BMI] = 3 mM). Binding of the diastereomeric fraction [3H]-(3R,1′S,4′S,5′R + 3S,1′R,4′R,5′S)-CTZ induced by 3 mM BMI was quantitatively the more significant in cerebrocortical and hippocampal membranes. It was characterized by IC50,CTZ = 80 ± 15 nM and IC50,GABA = 13 ± 3 mM{cyrillic}. In the absence of BMI, CTZ (1 mM) significantly decreased GABA-induced enhancement of [3H]-flunitrazepam binding. Our findings suggest that functional inhibition may occur through binding of CTZ to an allosteric site of GABAA receptors. This allosteric site is possibly emerged in the receptor conformation, stabilized by BMI binding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)66-69
Number of pages4
JournalNeuroscience Letters
Volume439
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 4 2008

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GABA-A Receptors
gamma-Aminobutyric Acid
Inhibitory Concentration 50
Allosteric Site
cyclothiazide
GABA-A Receptor Antagonists
Flunitrazepam
Synaptic Membranes
bicuculline methiodide
Membranes

Keywords

  • (-)[1S,9R]-Bicuculline methiodide
  • [H]-Cyclothiazide
  • [H]-Flunitrazepam
  • [H]-GABA
  • Binding in rat brain synaptic membrane
  • Diastereomeric fractions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Cyclothiazide binding to the GABAA receptor. / Szárics, E.; Simon, A.; Visy, J.; Simon-Trompler, Edit; Banka, Zoltán; Héja, László; Hársing, L.; Blaskó, Gábor; Kardos, J.

In: Neuroscience Letters, Vol. 439, No. 1, 04.07.2008, p. 66-69.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Szárics, E. ; Simon, A. ; Visy, J. ; Simon-Trompler, Edit ; Banka, Zoltán ; Héja, László ; Hársing, L. ; Blaskó, Gábor ; Kardos, J. / Cyclothiazide binding to the GABAA receptor. In: Neuroscience Letters. 2008 ; Vol. 439, No. 1. pp. 66-69.
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AU - Simon, A.

AU - Visy, J.

AU - Simon-Trompler, Edit

AU - Banka, Zoltán

AU - Héja, László

AU - Hársing, L.

AU - Blaskó, Gábor

AU - Kardos, J.

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