Cycle period, differential rotation, and meridional flow for early M dwarf stars

M. Küker, G. Rüdiger, K. Olah, K. G. Strassmeier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent observations suggest the existence of two characteristic cycle times for early-type M stars dependent on the rotation period. They are of order one year for fast rotators (P rot < 1 day) and of order four years for slower rotators. Additionally, the equator-to-pole differences of the rotation rates with δΩ up to 0.03 rad d -1 are known from Kepler data for the fast-rotating stars. These values are well-reproduced by the theory of large-scale flows in rotating convection zones on the basis of the Λ effect. The resulting amplitudes u m of the bottom value of the meridional circulation allows for the calculation of the travel time from pole to equator at the base of the convection zone of early-type M stars. These travel times strongly increase with rotation period and they always exceed the observed cycle periods. Therefore, the operation of an advection-dominated dynamo in early M dwarfs, where the travel time must always be shorter than the cycle period, is not confirmed by our model nor the data.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA40
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume622
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2019

Keywords

  • Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD)
  • Stars: activity
  • Stars: late-type
  • Stars: magnetic field
  • Turbulence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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