Cutaneous autonomic pilomotor testing to unveil the role of neuropathy progression in early Parkinson's disease (CAPTURE PD): Protocol for a multicenter study

Timo Siepmann, Alexandra Pintér, Sylvia J. Buchmann, Leonie Stibal, Martin Arndt, Anne Sophie Kubasch, Marie Luise Kubasch, Ana Isabel Penzlin, Elka Frenz, Wagner Zago, Tamás Horváth, Szabolcs Szatmári, Dániel Bereczki, Annamária Takáts, Tjalf Ziemssen, Axel Lipp, Roy Freeman, Heinz Reichmann, Kristian Barlinn, Ben Min Woo Illigens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: In Parkinson's disease (PD), alpha-synuclein accumulation in cutaneous autonomic pilomotor and sudomotor nerve fibers has been linked to autonomic nervous system disturbances even in the early stages of the disease. This study aims to assess the association between alpha-synuclein-mediated structural autonomic nerve fiber damage and function in PD, elucidate the role of neuropathy progression during the early disease stages, and test reproducibility and external validity of pilomotor function assessment using quantitative pilomotor axon-reflex test and sudomotor function via quantitative direct and indirect test of sudomotor function. Methods/design: A prospective controlled study will be conducted at four study sites in Europe and the USA. Fifty-two male and female patients with idiopathic PD (Hoehn and Yahr 1-2) and 52 age- and sex-matched healthy controls will be recruited. Axon-reflex-mediated pilomotor erection will be induced by iontophoresis of phenylephrine on the dorsal forearm. Silicone impressions of the response will be obtained, scanned, and quantified for pilomotor muscle impressions by number, impression size, and area of axon-reflex spread. Axon-reflex-mediated sweating following acetylcholine iontophoresis will be quantified for number and size of droplets and axon-reflex spread. Sympathetic skin responses, autonomic and motor symptoms will be evaluated. Tests will be performed at baseline, after 2 weeks, 1, 2, and 3 years. Skin biopsies will be obtained at baseline and after 3 years and will be analyzed for nerve fiber density and alpha-synuclein accumulation. Discussion: We anticipate that progression of autonomic nerve dysfunction assessed via pilomotor and sudomotor axon-reflex tests is related to progression of autonomic symptom severity and alpha-synuclein deposition. Potential applications of the techniques include interventional studies evaluating disease-modifying approaches and clinical assessment of autonomic dysfunction in patients with PD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number212
JournalFrontiers in Neurology
Volume8
Issue numberMAY
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 26 2017

Keywords

  • Axon-reflex
  • Diagnosis
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Pilomotor
  • autonomic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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    Siepmann, T., Pintér, A., Buchmann, S. J., Stibal, L., Arndt, M., Kubasch, A. S., Kubasch, M. L., Penzlin, A. I., Frenz, E., Zago, W., Horváth, T., Szatmári, S., Bereczki, D., Takáts, A., Ziemssen, T., Lipp, A., Freeman, R., Reichmann, H., Barlinn, K., & Illigens, B. M. W. (2017). Cutaneous autonomic pilomotor testing to unveil the role of neuropathy progression in early Parkinson's disease (CAPTURE PD): Protocol for a multicenter study. Frontiers in Neurology, 8(MAY), [212]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2017.00212