As the prevalence of hypertension in young people aged 14-18 is reported to be 1-1.5%, regular blood pressure measurement is proposed by the international committees in the adolescence, at least once a year. To establish the diagnosis of hypertension, repeated blood pressure measurements and sex-, age-, height- and weigt-based nomograms are needed. If casual blood pressures are consequently elevated, an ABPM measurement may provide additional informations, e.g. about white coat hypertension, daytime and nighttime blood pressure patterns and target organ damage. Thus, in such cases ABPM measurement is proposed to become the part of the routine examination. Following the diagnosis of hypertension in the adolescent, a further important step is to clarify the causes of the disease. In the majority of adolescent cases, essential hypertension is the diagnosis, but secondary (especially renal causes) are more frequent than in adulthood. First line treatment of adolescent hypertension is definitely non-pharmacologic. Pharmacologic treatment may be indicated if blood pressure is significantly increased (diastolic blood pressure, especially), if secondary hypertension is diagnosed or target-organ damage is present, or there are consistent complains related to the increased blood pressure. Treatment can be initiated with any of the antihypertensive drugs used in adults, but most frequently the use of beta-blockers and ACE-inhibitors is recommended.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Lege Artis Medicinae|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 23 2001|
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