Crustal structure of the Pannonian Basin: The AlCaPa and Tisza Terrains and the Mid-Hungarian Zone

György Hetényi, Yong Ren, Ben Dando, Graham W. Stuart, Endre Hegedus, Attila Csaba Kovács, Gregory A. Houseman

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14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Pannonian Basin of Central Europe is one of the key examples of Miocene continental extension that is easily accessible to surface seismological investigation. It comprises two major crustal blocks: AlCaPa and Tisza which abut along a poorly understood structure referred to as the Mid-Hungarian Zone (MHZ), the whole being surrounded by the arc of the Carpathian Mountains, the Alps and the Dinarides. Using data from the CBP (Carpathian Basins Project) temporary broadband seismic array of 46 stations deployed across the western Pannonian Basin in 2006-2007, we calculated receiver functions that constrain the variation of crustal thickness across the basin and derive a map of Moho depth across a NW-SE oriented swath about 450km long and 75km wide. The measured Moho depths show no significant change in crustal thickness between AlCaPa and Tisza terrains, but the Moho is not or very weakly imaged along a ca. 40km wide strip centred on the MHZ. Moho depths within the Pannonian Basin are typically in the range 25-30km, and increase toward the periphery of the basin. Our measurements are generally consistent with earlier VP models from controlled-source seismic surveys and recent VS models determined by tomographic analysis of ambient noise signals. The lack of a sharp Moho image beneath the MHZ suggests that the crust-mantle boundary in that zone may consist of a gradual increase in velocity with depth. The relatively constant crustal thickness across the two domains of the Pannonian Basin suggests that thinning to the same final state is controlled thermally. This structural characteristic seems to be governed by a large-scale balance of gravitational potential energy that is insensitive to the separate prior histories of the two regions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-116
Number of pages11
JournalTectonophysics
Volume646
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 4 2015

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Keywords

  • Converted waves
  • Crust
  • Extension
  • Geodynamics
  • Gravity
  • Pannonian Basin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Earth-Surface Processes

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