Crustacean cardioactive peptide (CCAP)-related molluscan peptides (M-CCAPs) are potential extrinsic modulators of the buccal feeding network in the pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis

Ágnes Vehovszky, Hans Jürgen Agricola, Christopher J.H. Elliott, Masahiro Ohtani, Levente Kárpáti, László Hernádi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We combine electrophysiological and immunocytochemical analyses in the snail Lymnaea stagnalis of M-CCAP1 and M-CCAP2, two molluscan peptides with structure similar to crustacean cardioactive peptide CCAP, originally isolated from the snail Helix pomatia. Both M-CCAP peptides (M-CCAP1 and M-CCAP2, 1 μM) had an excitatory effect, depolarizing all the identified neurons of the buccal feeding network (including motoneurons: B1, B2, B4 and modulatory interneurons SO, OC: 62 neurons in 33 preparations). Additionally, in 67% of preparations, rhythmic activity (fictive feeding) was recorded with a mean rate of 7 cycles/min. No significant difference in the proportion of preparations showing fictive feeding or mean feeding rate was found between M-CCAP1 and M-CCAP2. The extrinsic feeding modulator, the serotonergic CGC neuron, responds by increase of the spontaneous activity after M-CCAP application (9 of 18 preparations). Crustacean CCAP (1 μM) evokes a slight membrane depolarization in 3 out of 8 preparations but never evokes fictive feeding. Immunostaining revealed no cell bodies in the buccal ganglia, but a dense network of CCAP immunopositive fibers arborizing in the buccal neuropil. Many of these fibers originate from a symmetrical pair of CCAP-immunoreactive cerebro-buccal interneurons, which are the most likely candidates for extrinsic modulatory interneurons in the buccal feeding network. Our data are the first results suggesting that M-CCAP-peptides exist as effective modulators in mollusc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)200-205
Number of pages6
JournalNeuroscience Letters
Volume373
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 20 2005

Keywords

  • CPG
  • Central pattern generator
  • Electrophysiology
  • Feeding
  • Immunocytochemistry
  • Mollusc
  • Neuromodulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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