Cross-section measurements at astrophysically relevant energies: The LUNA experiment

A. Formicola, C. G. Bruno, A. Caciolli, F. Cavanna, R. Depalo, A. Di Leva, D. A. Scott, D. Trezzi, M. Aliotta, M. Anders, D. Bemmerer, C. Broggini, P. Corvisiero, Z. Elekes, Zs Fülöp, G. Gervino, A. Guglielmetti, C. Gustavino, Gy Gyürky, G. ImbrianiM. Junker, R. Menegazzo, P. Prati, E. Somorjai, O. Straniero, F. Strieder, T. Szücs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Accurate knowledge of thermonuclear reaction rates is important in understanding the generation of energy, the luminosity of neutrinos, and the synthesis of elements in stars. Cross-section measurements for quiescent stellar H-burning are mainly hampered by extremely low counting rate and cosmic background. The LUNA Collaboration has shown that, by going underground and by using the typical techniques of low background physics, it is possible to measure nuclear cross-sections down to the energy of the nucleosynthesis inside stars. This paper reports an overview of the experimental techniques adopted in underground nuclear astrophysics through a summary of the main recent results and achievements. The future developments of the LUNA experiment are also given.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)258-260
Number of pages3
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume742
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2014

Keywords

  • Direct cross-section
  • Keywords
  • LUNA
  • Nuclear astrophysics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

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  • Cite this

    Formicola, A., Bruno, C. G., Caciolli, A., Cavanna, F., Depalo, R., Di Leva, A., Scott, D. A., Trezzi, D., Aliotta, M., Anders, M., Bemmerer, D., Broggini, C., Corvisiero, P., Elekes, Z., Fülöp, Z., Gervino, G., Guglielmetti, A., Gustavino, C., Gyürky, G., ... Szücs, T. (2014). Cross-section measurements at astrophysically relevant energies: The LUNA experiment. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, 742, 258-260. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2013.11.082