The mechanism by which mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) is activated in human B cells following cross-linking of the antigen receptor was investigated. Following anti-IgM antibody and phorbol 12-myristate 13- acetate (PMA) stimulation, we demonstrate the activation of Ras, Raf-1, and MAPK/ERK kinase (MEK), all of which are thought to participate in an important signaling cascade that leads to MAPK activation. We detected the kinase activities of Raf-1 and MEK toward purified recombinant substrates for each in this pathway (MEK for Raf-1 and MAPK for MEK). Following stimulation with either anti-IgM or PMA, Ras activation was observed, and the ability of Raf-1 to phosphorylate recombinant kinase-inactive MEK was increased by approximately 10-fold. Similarly, MEK activity toward kinase-active or - inactive recombinant MAPK also increased upon anti-IgM or PMA treatment. Furthermore, the activation of both MAPK and p90(rsk) was demonstrated under identical conditions in the B cells. We conclude that activation of B lymphocytes through the antigen receptor stimulates distinct members of the Ras/Raf-1/MEK cascade and this mechanism is likely to be responsible for MAPK and p90(rsk) activation in these cells.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 11 1994|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology