Crackle-sound recording to monitor airway closure and recruitment in ventilated pigs

F. Peták, W. Habre, B. Babik, J. Tolnai, Z. Hantos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It was hypothesised that the recruitment of atelectatic lung areas is signified by changes in the airway and tissue mechanics, and by the appearance of crackle activity attributed to the sudden reopening of collapsed airways. The authors also assumed that the acoustic activity is an earlier indicator of lung recruitment than the change in the overall mechanical state of the lungs. Six thoracotomised and mechanically ventilated mini-pigs were studied. Low-frequency pulmonary impedance was measured at end-expiratory pauses at transpulmonary pressures of 4 and 1 hPa to estimate airway resistance (Raw) and the coefficient of lung tissue elastance (H), and tracheal sounds were recorded during subsequent slow inflations to 30 hPa, in the control state and following increasing doses of i.v. methacholine (Mch). Raw and H were higher at baseline and increased more in response to Mch at 1 hPa than at 4 hPa. The crackles detected during the subsequent inflations were concentrated around and associated with the development of the lower knee of the pressure-volume curve. The number of crackles increased faster following the Mch doses and reached statistical significance earlier than Raw and H. Crackle recording during mechanical ventilation can be employed as a simple method with which to monitor lung recruitment-derecruitment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)808-816
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Respiratory Journal
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2006

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Respiratory Sounds
Swine
Lung
Methacholine Chloride
Economic Inflation
Pressure
Airway Resistance
Mechanics
Electric Impedance
Artificial Respiration
Acoustics
Knee

Keywords

  • Airway reopening
  • Airway resistance
  • Atelectasis
  • Forced oscillations
  • Pulmonary elastance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

Crackle-sound recording to monitor airway closure and recruitment in ventilated pigs. / Peták, F.; Habre, W.; Babik, B.; Tolnai, J.; Hantos, Z.

In: European Respiratory Journal, Vol. 27, No. 4, 04.2006, p. 808-816.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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