Covalent labeling of the cytoplasmic or luminal domains of the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase with fluorescent azido dyes

Elek Molnar, Sandor Varga, Istvan Jona, Anthony Martonosi

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Sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) vesicles were incubated with azido derivatives of Cascade blue (ACB), Lucifer yellow (ALY), 2,7-naphthalene-disulfonic acid (ANDS), and fluorescein (AF) for 0.1-24 h at 2°C. All four dyes gave intense reaction with the cytoplasmic domain of the Ca2+-ATPase on photoactivation after brief incubation. The penetration of the dyes into the luminal space of the SR was determined after centrifugation through Sephadex microcolumns to remove the external dye, followed by photolabeling and gel electrophoresis of the photolabeled proteins. The reaction of ACB and ANDS with the Ca2+-ATPase and with calsequestrin increased progressively during incubation up to 24 h indicating their slow accumulation in the luminal space, while ALY and AF did not show significant penetration into the vesicles. The distribution of the covalently attached ACB in the Ca2+-ATPase was tested by tryptic proteolysis after labeling exclusively from the outside (OS), from the inside (IS) or from both sides (BS). In all cases intense ACB fluorescence was seen in the A fragment with inhibition of ATPase activity. In the OS preparations the A1, while in IS the A2 fragment was more intensely labeled. There was no significant incorporation of ACB into the region of B fragment identified by FITC fluorescence. The crystallization of the Ca2+-ATPase by EGTA + decavanadate was completely inhibited in the BS samples after labeling either in the Ca2E1 or E2V conformation. There was no inhibition of crystallization in the OS preparations. In the IS preparations labeled in the Ca2E1 state the crystallization was impaired, while in the E2V state there was only slight disorganization of the crystals. The total amount of ACB photoincorporated into SR proteins after incubation for 24 h was 1.75 nmol/mg protein; 2 3 of this labeling occurred from the outside and 1 3 from the inside. Similar level of labeling was obtained in media that stabilize the E1 or the E2 conformation of the Ca2+-ATPase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-40
Number of pages14
JournalBBA - Biomembranes
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Sep 10 1991



  • ATPase
  • Ca-
  • Fluorescent dye
  • Photochemical surface labeling
  • Sarcoplasmic reticulum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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