We present a new approach to cosmological perturbations based on the theory of Lie groups and their representations. After rederiving the standard covariant formalism from SO(3) considerations, we provide a new expansion of the perturbed FriedmannLematreRobertsonWalker (FLRW) metric in terms of the irreducible representations of the Lorentz group. The resulting decomposition splits into (scalar, scalar), (scalar, vector) and (vector, vector) terms. These equations directly correspond to the standard Lifshitz classification of cosmological perturbations using scalar, vector and tensor modes which arise from the irreducible SO(3) representation of the spatial part of the metric. While the Lorentz group basis matches the underlying local symmetries of the FLRW spacetime better than SO(3), the new equations do not provide further simplification compared to the standard cosmological perturbation theory. We conjecture that this is due to the fact that the so(3, 1) ∼ su(2) × su(2) Lorentz algebra has no pair of commuting generators commuting with any of the translation group generators.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)