Cosmic statistics of statistics

I. Szapudi, Stéphane Colombi, Francis Bernardeau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The errors on statistics measured in finite galaxy catalogues are exhaustively investigated. The theory of errors on factorial moments by Szapudi & Colombi is applied to cumulants via a series expansion method. All results are subsequently extended to the weakly non-linear regime. Together with previous investigations this yields an analytic theory of the errors for moments and connected moments of counts in cells from highly non-linear to weakly non-linear scales. For non-linear functions of unbiased estimators, such as the cumulants, the phenomenon of cosmic bias is identified and computed. Since it is subdued by the cosmic errors in the range of applicability of the theory, correction for it is inconsequential. In addition, the method of Colombi, Szapudi & Szalay concerning sampling effects is generalized, adapting the theory for inhomogeneous galaxy catalogues. While previous work focused on the variance only, the present article calculates the cross-correlations between moments and connected moments as well for a statistically complete description. The final analytic formulae representing the full theory are explicit but somewhat complicated. Therefore we have made available a FORTRAN program capable of calculating the described quantities numerically (for further details e-mail SC at colombi@iap.fr). An important special case is the evaluation of the errors on the two-point correlation function, for which this should be more accurate than any method put forward previously. This tool will be immensely useful in the future for assessing the precision of measurements from existing catalogues, as well as aiding the design of new galaxy surveys. To illustrate the applicability of the results and to explore the numerical aspects of the theory qualitatively and quantitatively, the errors and cross-correlations are predicted under a wide range of assumptions for the future Sloan Digital Sky Survey. The principal results concerning the cumulants ξ̄, Q3, and Q4 is that the relative error is expected to be smaller than 3, 5 and 15 per cent, respectively, in the scale range of 1-10 h-1 Mpc; the cosmic bias will be negligible.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)428-444
Number of pages17
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume310
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1999

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statistics
moments
catalogs
galaxies
cross correlation
electronic mail
FORTRAN
series expansion
estimators
sampling
evaluation
method
cells

Keywords

  • Galaxies: clusters: general
  • Large-scale structure of Universe
  • Methods: numerical
  • Methods: statistical

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Szapudi, I., Colombi, S., & Bernardeau, F. (1999). Cosmic statistics of statistics. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 310(2), 428-444.

Cosmic statistics of statistics. / Szapudi, I.; Colombi, Stéphane; Bernardeau, Francis.

In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 310, No. 2, 01.12.1999, p. 428-444.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Szapudi, I, Colombi, S & Bernardeau, F 1999, 'Cosmic statistics of statistics', Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 310, no. 2, pp. 428-444.
Szapudi, I. ; Colombi, Stéphane ; Bernardeau, Francis. / Cosmic statistics of statistics. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 1999 ; Vol. 310, No. 2. pp. 428-444.
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