Corticotropin-releasing hormone-synthesizing neurons of the human hypothalamus receive neuropeptide Y-immunoreactive innervation from neurons residing primarily outside the infundibular nucleus

E. Mihály, Csaba Fekete, Ronald M. Lechan, Z. Liposits

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28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Immunohistochemical single- and double-labeling studies were performed on the hypothalami of postmortem human brains to elucidate the distribution of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH)-immunoreactive (IR) neuronal elements and their interaction with the neuropeptide Y (NPY)-ergic neuronal system. The great majority of CRH-IR perikarya were found in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN), whereas a considerable number of CRH-IR neurons were also observed in the periventricular and infundibular nuclei. The dorsomedial nucleus and the perifornical region contained only scattered CRH-IR neurons. Dense CRH-IR fiber networks were found throughout the hypothalamus. However, the medial preoptic, the dorsolateral part of the supraoptic, the suprachiasmatic, the ventromedial, and the different mammillary nuclei showed a relative paucity of fibers. The terminal fields of NPY-IR axons overlapped the distribution of CRH-IR neurons in the hypothalamus. NPY-IR axon varicosities were juxtaposed to both dendrites and perikarya of the majority of CRH-IR neurons residing in the paraventricular, periventricular, and infundibular nuclei. These neurons were frequently contacted by multiple NPY axons that either formed baskets around their perikarya or completely ensheathed the emanating CRH dendrites. Because NPY and agouti-related protein (AGRP) are co-contained in neurons of the human infundibular nucleus, we used AGRP as a marker of NPY fibers originating exclusively from the infundibular nucleus. Only a small proportion of CRH neurons in the PVN was contacted by AGRP-IR axon varicosities, suggesting that NPY-IR innervation of CRH neurons in the PVN derive mainly from regions outside the infundibular nucleus. The present morphological findings support the view that NPY regulates the CRH system of the human hypothalamus and therefore at least some of the effects of NPY on metabolic, autonomic, and endocrine functions may be mediated through CRH.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)235-243
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Comparative Neurology
Volume446
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 6 2002

Fingerprint

Arcuate Nucleus of Hypothalamus
Neuropeptide Y
Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone
Hypothalamus
Neurons
Agouti-Related Protein
Paraventricular Hypothalamic Nucleus
Axons
Dendrites
Mediodorsal Thalamic Nucleus

Keywords

  • Distribution
  • Immunocytochemistry
  • Innervation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

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title = "Corticotropin-releasing hormone-synthesizing neurons of the human hypothalamus receive neuropeptide Y-immunoreactive innervation from neurons residing primarily outside the infundibular nucleus",
abstract = "Immunohistochemical single- and double-labeling studies were performed on the hypothalami of postmortem human brains to elucidate the distribution of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH)-immunoreactive (IR) neuronal elements and their interaction with the neuropeptide Y (NPY)-ergic neuronal system. The great majority of CRH-IR perikarya were found in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN), whereas a considerable number of CRH-IR neurons were also observed in the periventricular and infundibular nuclei. The dorsomedial nucleus and the perifornical region contained only scattered CRH-IR neurons. Dense CRH-IR fiber networks were found throughout the hypothalamus. However, the medial preoptic, the dorsolateral part of the supraoptic, the suprachiasmatic, the ventromedial, and the different mammillary nuclei showed a relative paucity of fibers. The terminal fields of NPY-IR axons overlapped the distribution of CRH-IR neurons in the hypothalamus. NPY-IR axon varicosities were juxtaposed to both dendrites and perikarya of the majority of CRH-IR neurons residing in the paraventricular, periventricular, and infundibular nuclei. These neurons were frequently contacted by multiple NPY axons that either formed baskets around their perikarya or completely ensheathed the emanating CRH dendrites. Because NPY and agouti-related protein (AGRP) are co-contained in neurons of the human infundibular nucleus, we used AGRP as a marker of NPY fibers originating exclusively from the infundibular nucleus. Only a small proportion of CRH neurons in the PVN was contacted by AGRP-IR axon varicosities, suggesting that NPY-IR innervation of CRH neurons in the PVN derive mainly from regions outside the infundibular nucleus. The present morphological findings support the view that NPY regulates the CRH system of the human hypothalamus and therefore at least some of the effects of NPY on metabolic, autonomic, and endocrine functions may be mediated through CRH.",
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T1 - Corticotropin-releasing hormone-synthesizing neurons of the human hypothalamus receive neuropeptide Y-immunoreactive innervation from neurons residing primarily outside the infundibular nucleus

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AU - Fekete, Csaba

AU - Lechan, Ronald M.

AU - Liposits, Z.

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AB - Immunohistochemical single- and double-labeling studies were performed on the hypothalami of postmortem human brains to elucidate the distribution of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH)-immunoreactive (IR) neuronal elements and their interaction with the neuropeptide Y (NPY)-ergic neuronal system. The great majority of CRH-IR perikarya were found in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN), whereas a considerable number of CRH-IR neurons were also observed in the periventricular and infundibular nuclei. The dorsomedial nucleus and the perifornical region contained only scattered CRH-IR neurons. Dense CRH-IR fiber networks were found throughout the hypothalamus. However, the medial preoptic, the dorsolateral part of the supraoptic, the suprachiasmatic, the ventromedial, and the different mammillary nuclei showed a relative paucity of fibers. The terminal fields of NPY-IR axons overlapped the distribution of CRH-IR neurons in the hypothalamus. NPY-IR axon varicosities were juxtaposed to both dendrites and perikarya of the majority of CRH-IR neurons residing in the paraventricular, periventricular, and infundibular nuclei. These neurons were frequently contacted by multiple NPY axons that either formed baskets around their perikarya or completely ensheathed the emanating CRH dendrites. Because NPY and agouti-related protein (AGRP) are co-contained in neurons of the human infundibular nucleus, we used AGRP as a marker of NPY fibers originating exclusively from the infundibular nucleus. Only a small proportion of CRH neurons in the PVN was contacted by AGRP-IR axon varicosities, suggesting that NPY-IR innervation of CRH neurons in the PVN derive mainly from regions outside the infundibular nucleus. The present morphological findings support the view that NPY regulates the CRH system of the human hypothalamus and therefore at least some of the effects of NPY on metabolic, autonomic, and endocrine functions may be mediated through CRH.

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