Corrosion Inhibition by 1-Hydroxy-ethane-1,1-diphosphonic Acid: An Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy Study

E. Kálmán, B. Várhegyi, I. Bakó, I. Felhösi, F. H. Kármán, A. Shaban

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Impedance spectra of carbon steel in the presence of 1-hydroxy-ethane-1, 1-diphosphonic acid (HEDP) has been investigated in neutral solutions. The aim of the measurements was to study the effect of HEDP on the carbon steel corrosion as a function of inhibitor concentration. An optimal inhibitor concentration was found to be approximately 10-4 mol dm-3. A two-time constant equivalent circuit model including a constant phase element was consistent with experimental data in the frequency range studied. The system parameters obtained by a nonlinear fit procedure are discussed in terms of the model used. Inhibitor efficiencies derived from impedance data are compared with those obtained from polarization and weight loss measurements. Results of these investigations show that at low concentrations, HEDP inhibits carbon steel corrosion by a precipitation mechanism forming insoluble iron complexes and repairing the porous oxide layer formed on the metal surface. Increasing HEDP concentration beyond the optimal value decreases its inhibition efficiency due to the dissolution of the oxide layer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3357-3360
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1994


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrochemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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