INTRODUCTION: Several studies have reported an increased prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. The increasingly negative intrathoracic and transdiaphragmatic pressure should facilitate of reflux-events during apnea. AIMS: The aim of the present study was to investigate whether there exists a link between endoscopic severity of reflux disease and the parameters of obstructive sleep apnea and the typical symptoms of reflux disease. METHODS: 57 patients with proven obstructive sleep apnea were divided into two groups according to the severity of the sleep apnea: "mild-moderate"--apnea-hypopnea index > or = 5-30, n = 27, "severe"--apnea-hypopnea index > 30, n = 30. All patients underwent upper panendoscopy, apnea monitoring during the night and were asked about existing and frequency of typical reflux symptoms. RESULTS: All examined patients in both groups showed significant overweight and there was a positive correlation between body mass index and the degree of sleep apnea (p = 0.0002). The occurrence of erosive reflux disease was significantly higher in "severe" group (p = 0.0001). Using a logistic regression analysis a positive correlation was found between endoscopic severity of reflux disease and apnea-hypopnea index (p = 0.016). 49.5% of all patients experienced the typical symptoms of reflux disease at least three times a week and there was not significant difference between groups. CONCLUSION: The study reveals that in patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea, erosive reflux disease is more frequent and a positive correlation can be found between severity of reflux disease and sleep apnea as well.
|Translated title of the contribution||Correlations between gastroesophageal reflux disease and obstructive sleep apnea|
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 12 2004|
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