Correlations between absorption Angström exponent (AAE) of wintertime ambient urban aerosol and its physical and chemical properties

N. Utry, T. Ajtai, Á Filep, M. Pintér, Zs Török, Z. Bozóki, G. Szabó

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Based on a two-week measurement campaign in an environment heavily polluted both by transit traffic and household heating in the inner city of Szeged (Hungary), correlations between the absorption Angström exponent (AAE) fitted to the optical absorption coefficients measured with a four wavelength (1064, 532, 355 and 266nm) photoacoustic aerosol measuring system (4. λ-PAS) and various aerosol parameters were identified. AAE was found to depend linearly on OCwb/EC and on NGM100/NGMD20, i.e. on the ratio of mass concentrations of elemental carbon (EC) to the fraction of organic carbon associated with wood burning (OCwb), and on the ratio of aerosol number concentrations in the 20nm (NGMD20) to 100nm (NGMD100) modes, with a regression coefficient of R=0.95 and R=0.86, respectively. In the daily fluctuation of AAE two minima were identified, which coincide with the morning and afternoon rush hours, during which NGMD20 exhibits maximum values. During the campaign the shape of the aerosol volume size distribution (. dV/. dlog. D) was found to be largely invariant, supporting the assumption that the primary driver for the AAE variation was aerosol chemical composition rather than particle size. Furthermore, when wavelength segregated AAE values were calculated, AAE for the shorter wavelengths (AAE355-266) was also found to depend linearly on the above mentioned ratios with similar regression coefficients but with a much steeper correlation line, while the AAE for the longer wavelengths (AAE1064-532) exhibits only a considerably weaker correlation. These results prove the unique advantages of real time multi-wavelength photoacoustic measurement of optical absorption in case the wavelength range includes the ultra-violet too.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52-59
Number of pages8
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Volume91
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2014

Keywords

  • Absorption
  • Aerosol
  • Angström exponent
  • Levoglucosan
  • Photoacoustic spectroscopy
  • Wood burning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Atmospheric Science

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