Correlation of the L-Arginine Pathway with Thrombo-Inflammation May Contribute to the Outcome of Acute Ischemic Stroke

Tihamer Molnar, Gabriella Pusch, Lajos Nagy, S. Kéki, T. Berki, Zsolt Illes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Immune responses contribute to secondary injury after acute ischemic stroke (AIS), and metabolites of the L-arginine pathway are associated with stroke outcome. Here, we analyzed the relationship of the L-arginine pathway with thrombo-inflammatory biomarkers in AIS and their additive and independent associations to outcome. Methods: Serial changes in P-selectin, tPA, MCP-1, sCD40L, IL-6, IL-8, L-arginine, and asymmetric and symmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA, SDMA) were investigated in 55 patients with AIS and without infection within 6 and 72 hours after stroke onset. Outcomes were assessed as National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) worsening by 24 hours, poststroke infection, and death by 1 month. Results: Serum levels of L-arginine showed negative correlation, whereas ADMA and SDMA showed positive correlation with thrombo-inflammatory biomarkers in the hyperacute phase. Most of these correlations disappeared by 72 poststroke hours. Correlation of MCP-1 with both ADMA and SDMA levels at 6 hours was associated with both NIHSS worsening and poststroke infections, respectively; sCD40L and SDMA correlation at 6 hours was also associated with NIHSS worsening. Negative correlation between P-selectin and L-arginine concentrations in the hyperacute phase was associated with NIHSS worsening. Strong negative correlation was found between IL-6 and L-arginine levels in the hyperacute phase in patients with poststroke infection. Only L-arginine and SDMA at 72 hours were independently associated with poststroke infection respectively. Conclusions: Concentration of L-arginine and ADMA/SDMA differentially correlates with thrombo-inflammation in the hyperacute phase of ischemic stroke. Such correlations are independently associated with poststroke infection but not with other outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Oct 14 2015

Fingerprint

Arginine
Stroke
Inflammation
National Institutes of Health (U.S.)
Infection
P-Selectin
Interleukin-6
Biomarkers
Interleukin-8
Wounds and Injuries
Serum

Keywords

  • Cytokine
  • Dimethylarginine
  • Inflammation
  • Ischemic stroke
  • L-arginine
  • Outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery
  • Rehabilitation
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Correlation of the L-Arginine Pathway with Thrombo-Inflammation May Contribute to the Outcome of Acute Ischemic Stroke. / Molnar, Tihamer; Pusch, Gabriella; Nagy, Lajos; Kéki, S.; Berki, T.; Illes, Zsolt.

In: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 14.10.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Background: Immune responses contribute to secondary injury after acute ischemic stroke (AIS), and metabolites of the L-arginine pathway are associated with stroke outcome. Here, we analyzed the relationship of the L-arginine pathway with thrombo-inflammatory biomarkers in AIS and their additive and independent associations to outcome. Methods: Serial changes in P-selectin, tPA, MCP-1, sCD40L, IL-6, IL-8, L-arginine, and asymmetric and symmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA, SDMA) were investigated in 55 patients with AIS and without infection within 6 and 72 hours after stroke onset. Outcomes were assessed as National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) worsening by 24 hours, poststroke infection, and death by 1 month. Results: Serum levels of L-arginine showed negative correlation, whereas ADMA and SDMA showed positive correlation with thrombo-inflammatory biomarkers in the hyperacute phase. Most of these correlations disappeared by 72 poststroke hours. Correlation of MCP-1 with both ADMA and SDMA levels at 6 hours was associated with both NIHSS worsening and poststroke infections, respectively; sCD40L and SDMA correlation at 6 hours was also associated with NIHSS worsening. Negative correlation between P-selectin and L-arginine concentrations in the hyperacute phase was associated with NIHSS worsening. Strong negative correlation was found between IL-6 and L-arginine levels in the hyperacute phase in patients with poststroke infection. Only L-arginine and SDMA at 72 hours were independently associated with poststroke infection respectively. Conclusions: Concentration of L-arginine and ADMA/SDMA differentially correlates with thrombo-inflammation in the hyperacute phase of ischemic stroke. Such correlations are independently associated with poststroke infection but not with other outcomes.",
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T1 - Correlation of the L-Arginine Pathway with Thrombo-Inflammation May Contribute to the Outcome of Acute Ischemic Stroke

AU - Molnar, Tihamer

AU - Pusch, Gabriella

AU - Nagy, Lajos

AU - Kéki, S.

AU - Berki, T.

AU - Illes, Zsolt

PY - 2015/10/14

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N2 - Background: Immune responses contribute to secondary injury after acute ischemic stroke (AIS), and metabolites of the L-arginine pathway are associated with stroke outcome. Here, we analyzed the relationship of the L-arginine pathway with thrombo-inflammatory biomarkers in AIS and their additive and independent associations to outcome. Methods: Serial changes in P-selectin, tPA, MCP-1, sCD40L, IL-6, IL-8, L-arginine, and asymmetric and symmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA, SDMA) were investigated in 55 patients with AIS and without infection within 6 and 72 hours after stroke onset. Outcomes were assessed as National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) worsening by 24 hours, poststroke infection, and death by 1 month. Results: Serum levels of L-arginine showed negative correlation, whereas ADMA and SDMA showed positive correlation with thrombo-inflammatory biomarkers in the hyperacute phase. Most of these correlations disappeared by 72 poststroke hours. Correlation of MCP-1 with both ADMA and SDMA levels at 6 hours was associated with both NIHSS worsening and poststroke infections, respectively; sCD40L and SDMA correlation at 6 hours was also associated with NIHSS worsening. Negative correlation between P-selectin and L-arginine concentrations in the hyperacute phase was associated with NIHSS worsening. Strong negative correlation was found between IL-6 and L-arginine levels in the hyperacute phase in patients with poststroke infection. Only L-arginine and SDMA at 72 hours were independently associated with poststroke infection respectively. Conclusions: Concentration of L-arginine and ADMA/SDMA differentially correlates with thrombo-inflammation in the hyperacute phase of ischemic stroke. Such correlations are independently associated with poststroke infection but not with other outcomes.

AB - Background: Immune responses contribute to secondary injury after acute ischemic stroke (AIS), and metabolites of the L-arginine pathway are associated with stroke outcome. Here, we analyzed the relationship of the L-arginine pathway with thrombo-inflammatory biomarkers in AIS and their additive and independent associations to outcome. Methods: Serial changes in P-selectin, tPA, MCP-1, sCD40L, IL-6, IL-8, L-arginine, and asymmetric and symmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA, SDMA) were investigated in 55 patients with AIS and without infection within 6 and 72 hours after stroke onset. Outcomes were assessed as National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) worsening by 24 hours, poststroke infection, and death by 1 month. Results: Serum levels of L-arginine showed negative correlation, whereas ADMA and SDMA showed positive correlation with thrombo-inflammatory biomarkers in the hyperacute phase. Most of these correlations disappeared by 72 poststroke hours. Correlation of MCP-1 with both ADMA and SDMA levels at 6 hours was associated with both NIHSS worsening and poststroke infections, respectively; sCD40L and SDMA correlation at 6 hours was also associated with NIHSS worsening. Negative correlation between P-selectin and L-arginine concentrations in the hyperacute phase was associated with NIHSS worsening. Strong negative correlation was found between IL-6 and L-arginine levels in the hyperacute phase in patients with poststroke infection. Only L-arginine and SDMA at 72 hours were independently associated with poststroke infection respectively. Conclusions: Concentration of L-arginine and ADMA/SDMA differentially correlates with thrombo-inflammation in the hyperacute phase of ischemic stroke. Such correlations are independently associated with poststroke infection but not with other outcomes.

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KW - Dimethylarginine

KW - Inflammation

KW - Ischemic stroke

KW - L-arginine

KW - Outcome

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