Correlation of body mass index and responder status in heart failure patients after cardiac resynchronization therapy: Does the obesity paradox exist?

M. Clemens, E. Nagy-Baló, Cs Herczku, Zs Karányi, I. Édes, Z. Csanádi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: We investigated the influence of body mass index (BMI) on the prevalence of responder status in chronic heart failure patients after cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT).Methods: Data on 169 patients with resynchronization therapy were analyzed. Patients were categorized on the basis of the BMI measured at device implantation according to the WHO classification, as normal (BMI: 18.5-24.9 kg/m 2), overweight (BMI: 25-29.9 kg/m 2) or obese (BMI:≥30 kg/m 2). Patients were considered responders if left ventricular ejection fraction was increased by at least 5% at 6-month follow-up.Results: The mean age in the study population was 60.9±10.86 years (females 29%). The BMI subgroups did not exhibit any significant differences in baseline characteristics (age, gender, left ventricular ejection fraction or NYHA class). Elevated BMIs were associated with higher prevalence of responder status (overweight: 71.4%, obese: 63.0%) relative to subjects with a normal BMI (44.7%) (p=0.015).Conclusions: In this CRT population, overweight status was associated with a more favorable response to CRT, indicating that the response may possibly be influenced by factors other than those directly related to the heart status or the technical details of the CRT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-21
Number of pages5
JournalInterventional Medicine and Applied Science
Volume2
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2010

Keywords

  • body mass index
  • cardiac resynchronization therapy
  • dilated cardiomyopathy
  • obesity paradox
  • responder status

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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