INTRODUCTION: The elderly represent a growing segment of populations in developed and also in developing countries. Anthropological measurements offer a cheap and easy way method for assessment of health and nutritional status and in prediction for mortality. Anthropological parameters and their relation to blood pressure were studied in elderlies. METHODS: Two hundred-thirteen elderly people (83 men over 65 y and 110 women over 60 y) were involved. The weight, height, waist- and hip circumferences were measured and waist: hip ratio, and body mass index (BMI) were calculated. Blood pressure was measured by the use of sphygmomanometer. Hypertension was diagnosed when systolic blood pressure was >/= 140 and/or diastolic >/= 90 mmHg. The SPSS 10 version for Windows was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: According to the BMI, 72% of men and 65% women were considered overweight or obese. According to waist circumference 51% of men and 83% of women belonged to the high risk group. Under 80 y the mean blood pressure was in the pathological range both in the case of men and women. That could be considered as a sign of the insufficient efficiency of treatment or bad compliance. By 60% of this elderly population hypertension was registered. 75% of people, considered overweight or obese according to BMI, showed hypertension. According to the waist circumference, in 73% of people in the high risk group hypertension was detected versus 6% of persons in the non-risk group. This relation could not be observed in women. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of obesity and overweight is higher in the elderly group than in the younger adult population. Decrease in body mass may be suggested only by cautious nutritional intervention, control of systolic blood pressure should be more regular and prudent.
|Translated title of the contribution||Correlation of anthropometric parameters and blood-pressure in elderly people|
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 6 2004|
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