Corpus callosum anomalies: Birth prevalence and clinical spectrum in Hungary

Nóra Szabó, Gyurgyinka Gergev, Jeno Kóbor, Edit Bereg, Sándor Túri, László Sztriha

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Abstract

Data regarding the epidemiology of callosal anomalies are contradictory. We performed a population-based retrospective survey to study the birth prevalence and clinical features of agenesis/hypoplasia of the corpus callosum and accompanying central nervous system and somatic abnormalities in southeastern Hungary between July 1, 1992 and June 30, 2006. Among 185,486 live births, 38 patients (26 boys and 12 girls) manifested agenesis/hypoplasia of the corpus callosum, corresponding to a prevalence of 2.05 per 10,000 live births (95% confidence interval, 1.4-2.7). Callosal anomalies were isolated in 18 patients, and were associated with other central nervous system malformations in five children. Both central nervous system and noncentral nervous system abnormalities were evident in seven patients, whereas callosal dysgenesis was accompanied only by somatic anomalies in eight children. Five of 18 patients with isolated agenesis/hypoplasia of the corpus callosum remained asymptomatic. Developmental delay, intellectual disability, or epilepsy occurred in all patients, except one, when callosal anomalies were combined with other brain or somatic abnormalities. Five patients with multiplex malformations died. Callosal anomalies form a clinically significant and relatively frequent group of central nervous system malformations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)420-426
Number of pages7
JournalPediatric Neurology
Volume44
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2011

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Neurology
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Clinical Neurology

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