Coronary artery ligation, early arrhythmias, and determination of the ischemic area in conscious rats

István Leprán, Mátyás Koltai, Werner siegmund, László Szekeres

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Abstract

A method for studying the acute phase of myocardial infarction in conscious rats has been developed. In preliminary surgery, a loose ligature of atraumatic silk was understitched around the left coronary artery. Its ends were pulled through a polyethylene tube placed within the thorax and fixed under the skin. Seven days later, coronary occlusion was performed by tightening the ligature in conscious animal. Lidocaine and pindolol pretreatment increased the survival rate and attenuated the life-threatening arrhythmias during the first 20 min, but did not influence the infarct size 16 hrs later. An ex vivo perfusion technique for determining the ischemic area has also been developed. 3, 6, and 20 min after coronary ligation, the hearts were excised and perfused with 4% formaldehyde. The ischemic area could not be perfused and remained dark red with a sharp border-line. At the 3rd and 20th min its size was as same as that of the 16-hr infarcted area; however at the 6th min it increased by 50%. Lidocaine and pindolol eliminated this transitory increase. These methods appear to be valuable for large-scale determination of drug effects on the acute phase of experimental myocardial infarction in conscious rats, and for estimating their action on the size of ischemic area very early after coronary occlusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-230
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Pharmacological Methods
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1983

Keywords

  • Conscious rat
  • Coronary artery ligation
  • Ischemic area
  • Lidocaine
  • Pindolol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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