Control and identification of strong field dissociative channels in CO 2+ via molecular alignment

M. Oppermann, S. J. Weber, F. Morales, M. Richter, S. Patchkovskii, A. Csehi, Á Vibók, M. Ivanov, O. Smirnova, J. P. Marangos

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The dissociative excitation of CO2+ was studied in the molecular frame as a function of probe laser intensity, ellipticity and polarization with respect to the molecular bond at laser wavelengths of 800 nm and 1350 nm. This allowed the identification of the main excitation pathway consisting of tunnel ionization from HOMO-2 followed by a parallel dipole transition from the second excited state B to the predissociating, third excited state C. Recollision excitation was shown to play a negligible role. Using laser induced impulsive alignment, the strong field induced coupling at 800 nm and 1350 nm of the ionic states B and C could thus be controlled by the laser polarization. This leads to a suppression of the fragmentation yield of up to 70% when the laser polarization was perpendicular to the molecular axis compared to parallel polarization. We have performed simulations of various ionization channels of CO2. Our simulations reflect the experimental findings and show that dissociation of CO2+ is induced by tunnelling from deeper molecular orbitals HOMO-1, HOMO-2, HOMO-3, followed by laser driven hole dynamics in the ion.

Original languageEnglish
Article number124025
JournalJournal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Jun 28 2014



  • dissociation
  • molecular alignment
  • strong field

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Oppermann, M., Weber, S. J., Morales, F., Richter, M., Patchkovskii, S., Csehi, A., Vibók, Á., Ivanov, M., Smirnova, O., & Marangos, J. P. (2014). Control and identification of strong field dissociative channels in CO 2+ via molecular alignment. Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, 47(12), [124025].